This source cannot be dated; it may be a mere set of additions to the Priestly source, but it is also possible that this text once was a full history that was later split into sections. 6 Instead, water flowed out of the ground and watered all the surface of the soil. The Priestly biblical history and the Enuma Elish are written down in a similar way with some characteristics. Likewise, Ps 77:16-19 portrays Yam fleeing from Yahweh. There are two creation stories in Genesis because two different sources, the Yahwist and the Priestly Source each wrote his own story. Thank you for all your hard work and I’ll be using you to further my studies! In I was referred here by a friend. The similarities can be seen between the Priestly and Yahwist narratives and The Magician's Nephew when we look at the creation of Narnia and the destruction of Charn.Get full access for only $8.97. 1 decade ago. I again look forward to your post, and hope for the best while it is a relevant and meaningful position you are taking, I am hoping that it will show it accentuation to be positive, although under the divine right of free will, even negative accentuation can be heard. Yahwist Narrative Story Line.The Yahwist narrative begins at Genesis 2:4 and continues through the book of Numbers. Thank you so much for putting this out there. This book on the Yahwist comes at the end of a long career of research on the Pentateuch in general and the Yahwist in particular. . Leena. After a great deal of discussion regarding word choice in the English translation of the passages found in Genesis 2:18-20, Holding concludes 'that there is [no] contradiction, but...G2 [the shorthand he gives to the second creation story starting at Genesis 2:4b] is reporting the order out of sequence purposely in order to stress man's dominion over the created animals.' Yahwist Creation Story. PLAY. But you actually make it work. Cite this Comparison Essay: APA Format. CEO Compensation and America's Growing Economic Divide. According to archaeologists, it was originally written circa 1120 BCE. And God saw that the earth was corrupt; for all flesh had corrupted (Ex 4:10 vs Ex 6:12, 6:30), #107. Creation Story Yahwist And Priestly Account. As pointed out by both KW and John, the polemic against Baal throughout the biblical literature is there precisely because the Israelites/Canaanites worshiped interchangeably Yahweh and Baal—it was they who were perceived in “identical” terms and functions! But you actually make it work. I read somewhere that the two stories were written after Solomon’s death, one from Judah, one from Israel. ii) the unique features of the Priestly account of creation: The two features from the Yahwist account that the Priestly writers tend to emphasize clearly are the positive relationship between Adam and God, and the beauty of the cosmos that is represented in the image of the garden of Eden. See more. On the other hand, it Lv 4. Denn wrote: According to those texts, YHWH was one of the council, but after assimilation, became the God of Judah. Dr. DiMattei and all of the participants on this blog: Thank you so much for helping me, a complete ignorant past Christianity, Mormonism, and the likes. The book of Exodus is also divided between the Yahwist and P, and the usual understanding is that the Priestly writer(s) were adding to an already-existing Yahwist narrative. ...Babylonian creation epic, The Enuma Elish. A flood story (Gen. 6-9) Yahwist and Priestly. Van Seters’s interest in the Yahwist was stimulated by the 1964 presidential address of the Society of Biblical Literature, given by Professor Fredrick Winnett, “Rethinking the Foundations,” which focused on the Yahwist in Genesis. I just don’t understand why haven’t we heard anything about this before? Ha, oops. I have also read Richard Friedman’s book but it is a bit much for me. happened, the creation narrative in chapter 2 (“J”/Yahwist) was written before chapter 1 (“P”/Priestly), and both the Priestly and the oldest (“E”/Elohist) authors consistently refer to God as “Elohim” or “El” prior to the accounts of the revealing of God’s name to Moses as “Yahweh”, (Ex 31:18 vs Ex 24:12, 34:27-28), #111. Can a mortal see God face-to-face and live OR not? 0 0. First creation story. But what is told is difficult to unravel. Four Part Story. The Jahwist, also referred to as the Jehovist, Yahwist, or simply as J, is one of the four major sources of the Torah postulated by the Documentary Hypothesis (DH). Dr. DiMattei, excellent read, thank you for the time and energy put forward in your work, you have clarified and confirmed some of my own thoughts. “All the cattle died” OR the cattle are still alive? I’m a little familiar with the documentary hypothesis and all the J P stuff. Also, how both creation stories help humankind develop a better interpretation of God. The Elohist also used the “Older Federation Story” to create and identity for Israel. As it happens, however, these two texts were redacted together by later scribes, most likely in an effort to preserve both of these textual traditions. http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Yam_(god)#Connections_between_Yam_and_YHWH. They don’t teach you this stuff in church! I have been all over your site reading articles today. It starts with an etiological tale (Gen 2:4b-3:24) recounting how and why man has fallen from the presence of his god, specifically identified as Yahweh, and is consigned to toil a ground that has now become cursed to him, namely on account of his desire to follow his own will. Addition: See my recently added 14-post series Genesis’ Two Creation Accounts for a detailed comparison between the Yahwist creation account (Gen 2:4b-24) and the Priestly creation account (Gen 1:1-2:3)—guaranteed to satisfy! That said, I am sensitive to the spiritual or, lack thereof in the case, aspects of this pursuit, but at present I’m more interested in the biblical text, and how it came to be, i.e., not what the biblical text says about us, if indeed it says anything at all, but what it says about itself. Tower of Babel (Gen. 11) Yahwist. Four Part Story. http://bcharchive.org/2/thearchives/showthread5701-2.html?t=281688. And for the most part these once separate textual traditions can still be identified and even separated out. Kyle, Hi; A redactor combined these two sources. It is extremely refreshing to find such a detailed and substantiated examination of the Bible that doesn’t have an agenda behind it and only seeks to explain what is in it. 32:8, 9 in the comments section. After some research, there are some schools of thought that Yam and YHVH may be the same God. The Priestly version stresses on God as transcendent and humanity's authority. The book of Exodus is also divided between the Yahwist and P, and the usual understanding is that the Priestly writer(s) were adding to an already-existing Yahwist narrative. ‘The Yahwist also describes the breakdown of mutuality and relationship when we fail to adhere to that ethos, using human craftiness to exploit power.’ ‘Genesis 2: 18-24 is part of the Yahwist creation story, in which woman is created subsequent to man.’ This story concentrates more on the Exodus-Sinai story and the formation of the covenant at Mount Sinai. Your website is very well written and an eye opener tome. The Yahwist source takes its name from the fact that God is called Yahweh from the beginning, whereas in the other sources the divine name is only revealed in Exodus. The first point is the Meaning of the Creation Story in which will be divided into two categories. Noah was a righteous man, blameless in his generation; Noah walked with God. I mean what the different sources were up to is presented nicely. Though the name of the site is contradictionsinbible I think it is…, How the Torah was Discovered to be a Collection of Competing Traditions, Studying the Bible scientifically and objectively, http://bcharchive.org/2/thearchives/showthread5701-2.html?t=281688, http://contradictionsinthebible.com/are-yahweh-and-el-the-same-god/, http://bcharchive.org/2/thearchives/showthread7b9c.html, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asherah#In_Israel_and_Judah, http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Yam_(god)#Connections_between_Yam_and_YHWH, #219. See this link for Mark S. Smith’s translation: http://tinyurl.com/nuavmja. Thanks! Asherah as well was involved with the infighting between the 2 gods which may be the reason that she too is demonized in the bible. That is in its present form the Hebrew text, both on linguistic and thematic grounds reveals that it was composed of different, and often competing, textual traditions. Identified verse by verse and explained using the most up-to-date scholarly information about the Bible, its texts, and the men who wrote them — by Dr. Steven DiMattei. Additionally, God bestows  blessings upon the primordial pair and establishes a holy day. . Yam, they say could be spelled Yaw or even Ya’a. 2) The KTU text in question appears in a “damaged section of the Baal Cycle,” and thus we cannot be certain what it originally said. After the flood, the Priestly writer records God’s first covenant with his creation, and another genealogy explaining the origin of man’s diverse languages, contrary to the Yahwist, as a natural genealogical process (Gen 10:1-7, 20, 31-32). The implication was that the first story came from Israel [in the north] and the second was from Judah [in the south]. Match. Holding begins his attack on the idea that there are two creation stories in Genesis by reclassifying one of the accounts as a "family history," thereby removing it from the genre of a creation story altogether. Brilliant site! society, including the priestly class emphasis on order and the majesty of God and creation examples: first Creation story (see Genesis 1:1—2:4), the Book of Leviticus Summary Chart of Four Pentateuch Sources Date Place Divine Name Religious features Literary features Yahwist United Monarchy (~950 BC) Jerusalem? I have read about biblical history on Wikipedia. They are narratives whose purpose was to explain the origins and identity of a people as perceived through the writer’s own worldview or the particular elitist guild to which he belonged. Thank you for…. And Noah had three sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth. In relation to animals and plants, the Priestly version says that all plants are meant to be eaten, and animals have a different purpose than humans. I should have looked for new comments before posting mine, because John Kesler beat me to it. 101 - 110 of 500 . I’m fascinated by …. The purpose, as outlined in some of my earliest posts, is to educated on the compositional nature of the Bible, i.e., how it was assembled, by whom, to whom, for what purpose, etc. ‘The Yahwist also describes the breakdown of mutuality and relationship when we fail to adhere to that ethos, using human craftiness to exploit power.’ ‘Genesis 2: 18-24 is part of the Yahwist creation story, in which woman is created subsequent to man.’ By reading the Creation stories many differences between the Priestly and Yahwist accounts can be noticed. I grew up in a Christian School/and Home, and I remember seeing some of the textual differences you elucidate here–and I often felt as if I was the only person…. I am trying to figure out or read about the differences between the P version and the Y version of Noah and the flood. The main reason why they are this way is because they each have their own separate accounts of Yahweh. Often people refer to the Genesis creation story as myths, but this is not technically correct in reference to Genesis 1. Lets face it being nonobjective is just not something 99% of the human race is not good at, so that is a big number when it comes to espousing non purposeful assumptions and or hypotheses on the internet or wherever. You along with Bart Ehrman, Craig Allerts “A High View of Scripture”, and Friedman’s “Who Wrote The Bible”, have given me great insight on how and why the Bible came to be what it is. The Priestly (P) account, Gen 1:1 – 2:4b, was written around the … All in all, both stories portray how Yahweh is the most powerful God. This sad state of affairs becomes the catalyst for the flood, which actually solves nothing since the end of J’s flood narrative states that mankind still inclines his heart toward evil (8:21). but the quest for knowledge goes on. Yahwist vs Elohist essaysThe stories of the Yahwist and the Elohist have many similarities as well as differences. See Smith’s book. I am certainly learning a lot and enjoying it every step of the way. The Babylonian creation story is called by its first two words "Enuma Elish." Today we shall pass to the second account, which is frequently described as the "Yahwist," since it uses the name "Yahweh" for God. (Num 8:24 vs Num 4:3, 4:23, 4:30), #183. At a later point in time, this Priestly version, which was written to replace the early Yahwist text, was nevertheless inserted into the Yahwist text by a redactor. Interesting thread s John. For nearly three centuries now, scholars and critical readers of the book of Genesis have acknowledged that Genesis is a composite text (See How the Torah was Discovered to be a Collection of Competing Traditions). I discussed this on another list in 2010: It bears many points of similarity to the first creation story in the Bible: 1 With the complex narrative of "Adam and Eve" there comes opinions from many on the true meaning of what is told. The following contradictions that will be posted are the points of convergence where this new PJ text came into conflict with each other. To have a single place where the bible is given its full respect as an ancient work yet critically and honestly examined, all the while providing clear, concise, and accurate reasoning on the passages. Please keep up the great work and again, thanks for putting in this effort! The Priestly version of the world’s primeval beginnings is vastly different. (Ex 7-9 vs Ps 78:44-51, 105:27-36), #231. This creation account is immediately followed by the Priestly writer’s genealogy from Adam to Noah (Gen 5:1-32) which emphasizes, in drastically contradictory terms to the Yahwist’s genealogy of increased violence, how the creation of humanity’s earliest generations all proceed from the original creation in “likeness and image.” This genealogy terminates in the Priestly version of the flood, which, although picking up the theme of the corruption of all flesh on earth, significantly downplays the Yahwist’s emphasis on man’s inherit sinful nature. Not the storyteller that the Yahwist was, the Priestly writer is more interested in discerning order and structure in God's plan for the world. Studying the places where the Bible’s different textual traditions converge is an excellent way of doing that. 5 years ago. These are not coincidental details to our Priestly writer, as we shall see. The second creation story always refers to God as Yahweh, or Yahweh Elohim, but never as Elohim alone. Briefly, I don’t think that the connection can be proven because of these reasons, some of which I mention in the links: 1) Yahweh appears to have his origins south of Israel, thus not in Canaan. This website has brought about many new notes and underlinings in my sweet old Bible. Yahweh conquers the sea (yam) and the sea monsters: Psalm 74:13, Isaiah 51:9-10, Job 26:12 (cf. Flashcards. 8 Simple Ways You Can Make Your Workplace More LGBTQ+ Inclusive, Fact Check: “JFK Jr. Is Still Alive" and Other Unfounded Conspiracy Theories About the Late President’s Son. Creation of the world (Gen. 1 ... First list of Patriarchs (Gen. 5) Priestly. One use of the term relates to the JEDP theory—Yahwism, in that context, is the use of the name Yahweh in the Pentateuch. It is understood the answer, though, lies in the text. Yahwist and Priestly. To which god was Balaam subservient: Yahweh OR El? 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