The common dandelion is a most familiar flower: counting down the 'clock', while blowing the fluffy seeds from its head, is a favourite childhood game. Wigg. [54] It may be related to the Greek word ταρασσω (tarasso) meaning to disturb. The taproot can be boiled and eaten or dried and ground as a base for a hot drink. The only way to identify it with certainty is to examine mature fruits (seeds), which in this species, are dull brick red to reddish or purplish brown (not olive-colored to greenish brown, as in the common dandelion). It grows in temperate regions of the world, in lawns, on roadsides, on disturbed banks and shores of waterways, and other areas with moist soils. The plants are adaptable to most soils and the seeds are not dependent on cold temperatures before they will germinate but they need to be within the top 2.5 cm (1 in) of soil.[25]. The leaves are high in beta-carotene, vitamin C and iron. It is often thought of as a 'weed' of grassy places. Range map for Common Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale). common dandelion scientific name. Help. Genus. Taraxacum. Taraxacum officinale L. (dandelion) is a vigorous weed in Europe with diploid sexual populations in the southern regions and partially overlapping populations of diploid sexuals and triploid or tetraploid apomicts in the central and northern regions. vulgare (Lam.) However pairing is still sufficient to allow some recombination between homologous chromosomes. Wigg", "Taraxacum campylodes G.E.Haglund — The Plant List", "Definition of "blowball" - Collins English Dictionary", "dandelion clock - Definition from Longman English Dictionary Online", "Clock dictionary definition - clock defined", "Competition for pollinators and intra-communal spectral dissimilarity of flowers", "Taraxacum officinale in Flora of North America @", "Ecological and evolutionary opportunities of apomixis: insights from, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, "ITIS Standard Report Page: Taraxacum officinale", "PLANTS Profile for Taraxacum officinale ssp. The Common Dandelion is common and widespread throughout the UK, Ireland a much of Europe. The origin of the species name taraxacum is less clear. For example, Rothmaler's flora of Germany recognizes roughly 70 microspecies. Description. [31] The common name dandelion comes from the French dent de lion, or "lion's tooth", in reference to the plant's jagged-edged leaves. Not generally used in the home landscape. Dandelion, weedy perennial herb of the genus Taraxacum of the family Asteraceae, native to Eurasia but widespread throughout much of temperate North America. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. [44], While the dandelion is considered a weed by most gardeners and especially lawn owners, the plant has several culinary uses. The scientific name of Dandelion is Taraxacum while its common name is Dandelion. Plants have milky latex and the leaves are all basal; each flowering stem lacks bracts and has one single flower head. Raw leaves have a slightly bitter taste. – dandelion. [12], The leaves are 5–45 cm (2.0–17.7 in) long and 1–10 cm (0.39–3.94 in) wide, and are oblanceolate, oblong, or obovate in shape, with the bases gradually narrowing to the petiole. This group consists of dandelions that have a diploid set of chromosomes, and are sexually self-incompatible. Wigg. [33] It is now naturalized throughout North America, southern Africa, South America, New Zealand, Australia, and India. Links. ceratophorum) is native there.[25]. The plant has bright yellow flowers that are made of many tiny florets. The foliage may be upright-growing or horizontally spreading; the leaves have petioles that are either unwinged or narrowly winged. Sexual reproduction involves a reduction of the somatic chromosome number by meiosis followed by a restoration of the somatic chromosome number by fertilization. [26], Taraxacum officinale has many English common names (some of which are no longer in use), including blowball, lion's-tooth, cankerwort, milk-witch, yellow-gowan, Irish daisy, monks-head, priest's-crown and puff-ball;[27] other common names include, faceclock, pee-a-bed, wet-a-bed,[28] swine's snout,[29] white endive, and wild endive. T. officinale is food for the caterpillars of several Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths), such as the tortrix moth Celypha rufana. – common dandelion. Species. [14], The taxonomy of the genus Taraxacum is complicated by apomictic and polyploid lineages,[15][16] and the taxonomy and nomenclatural situation of Taraxacum officinale is not yet fully resolved. Wigg. [42] Another plant, sometimes referred to as fall dandelion, is very similar to dandelion, but produces "yellow fields" later. [45] The flowers are used to make dandelion wine,[46] the greens are used in salads, the roots have been used to make a coffee substitute (when baked and ground into powder) and the plant was used by Native Americans as a food and medicine. [25] It is considered a noxious weed in some jurisdictions,[34] and is considered to be a nuisance in residential and recreational lawns in North America. [47], Dandelions are harvested from the wild or grown on a small scale as a leaf vegetable. The 14–25 mm (0.55–0.98 in) wide involucres are green to dark green or brownish-green, with the tips dark gray or purplish. For example, Rothmaler's flora of Germany recognizes roughly 70 microspecies. It has a rosette of leaves at the base of the plant; a deep taproot; a smooth, hollow stem; and a solitary yellow flower head composed only of … In April they almost dominate the landscape. Posted by December 12, 2020 Leave a comment on dandelion species name December 12, 2020 Leave a comment on dandelion species name The seeds are also a common contaminant in crop and forage seeds. The monofloral dandelion honey is derived from the nectar of flowers in the genus Taraxacum. The seeded dandelion head is an incredible efficient means of population. Comments: There are about 2500 species of Dandelion but species delimitations for Australia are unclear. The common name dandelion from French dent-de-lion, meaning – common dandelion P : Contains 2 Subspecies and 2 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Subspecies Taraxacum officinale F.H. Dandelion Varieties. They are native to Eurasia and North America, and two species, T. officinale and T. erythrospermum, are found as weeds worldwide. dandelion; Other Scientific Names. Recognized by USDA PLANTS images and USDA Plants data. Ground roasted dandelion root can be used as a non-caffeinated coffee substitute. Dandelion salad is often accompanied with hard-boiled eggs. ssp. The stems can be tinted purplish, they are upright or lax, and produce flower heads that are held as tall or taller than the foliage. 117. Dandelion Beer is a rustic fermented drink common in many parts of the country and made also in Canada. Dandelion flowers can be used to make dandelion wine, for which there are many recipes. The common dandelion is a most familiar flower: counting down the 'clock', while blowing the fluffy seeds from its head, is a favourite childhood game. Cambridge University Press. [50], T. officinale's diuretic properties have been well described, with the leaves of this plant having been used for this purpose in traditional Chinese medicine for approximately 2,000 years, with other regions of the world using the plant in the same way; in French, a common name for T. officinale is pissenlit, 'a colorful description of its diuretic activity.' Taraxacum officinale F.H. December 3, 2020. common dandelion genus [31], Taraxacum officinale is native to Europe and Asia,[32] and was originally imported to America as a food crop. Wigg. The stems can be glabrous or sparsely covered with short hairs. Common dandelion is the familiar weed of lawns and roadsides. Origin. They form deep taproots and the whole plant contains a milky latex sap. [54][verification needed], The Latin specific epithet officinale refers to the Latin word for 'medicinal' or 'of the apothecaries'. The leaves (called dandelion greens) can be eaten cooked or raw in various forms, such as in soup or salad. Allergenicity: No allergy has been reported for Common Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) species. The calyculi (the cuplike bracts that hold the florets) are composed of 12 to 18 segments: each segment is reflexed and sometimes glaucous. The plants introduced to North America are triploids that reproduce by obligate gametophytic apomixis[14][19] Some authorities recognize three subspecies of Taraxacum officinale including:[20][21], Two of them have been introduced and established in Alaska and the third (ssp. | Alaska Natural Heritage Program", "The biology of Canadian weeds. Genus: Taraxacum. Taraxacum californicum. 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