Insect threats for seed growers especially include seed midge. Needed lime should be added and thoroughly mixed to a soil depth of 6 inches as far ahead of planting as possible. Identification difficulty. Latin name - Bromus diandrus and B. rigidus B. diandrus is commonly called great brome but may also be known as ripgut brome, ripgut grass, giant brome, slands grass, jabbers, Kingston grass and brome grass.. B. rigidus is known as rigid brome or sometimes ripgut brome, ripgut grass, brome grass and also great brome (which causes confusion between the two … Web Application by GeoMemes. ID guidance. Smooth bromegrass is a high-yielding, cold hardy, long-lasting, creeping perennial grass. Foliage The leaves have a fine texture and are alternate, 0.25-0.75 in. Comments: Strongly rhizomatous. It is compatible with alfalfa or other adapted legumes. Stem. Eleven inches (280 mm) of annual precipitation is the minimum that will support smooth brome without irrigation . CPM gets some expert pointers on how to differentiate between the bromes and how to manage them. Bromes are cool season grasses (optimal growth below 75°), usually clump-forming, have closed sheaths, panicles that are often drooping or nodding to one side, multi-flowered spikelets, unequal glumes, and lemmas that are typically awned, hairy and usually notched at the tip forming 2 teeth with the awn arising between the teeth. It is by John M. Randall at The Nature Conservancy. Sodgrasses can reproduce by seeds and vegetatively. It is a bit smaller than smooth bromegrass and has short awns. Smooth brome grows best on moist, well-drained soils , but tolerates poorly drained soils . Smooth brome is distributed throughout most of the United States. SMOOTH BROME INTRODUCTION Smooth bromegrass is a long-lived perennial, sod-forming grass that grows best during months with cool weather, primarily March through June and September through November. The flat compressed seed is usually awnless, about 1/3 inch long, and smooth. Tolerates pH levels as low as 5.5 and most productive on soils with pH 6.0 to 7.5. Sodgrasses form a mat or mass of individuals by means of rhizomes or stolons. It is compatible with alfalfa or other adapted legumes. The grass is highly palatable and is high in protein content and … Roots are well supplied with food reserves for regrowth; complete the harvest as soon as they emerge. Bromegrasses have flat thin leaves with distinctive closed leaf sheaths. Adapted to soils with fine to medium texture. Roots are deep, fibrous, and very fine. Smooth brome is highly nutritious and palatable to livestock. Fact Sheet 13 Smooth Brome Bromus inermis DESCRIPTION: Smooth brome is a rhizomatous, cool-season perennial grass which can attain a height of 4 feet. The flower panicles are characterized by having 4-10 erect branches. Once established it grows creeping rhizomes and can become root bound. Its seeds are eaten by small mammals and birds. Smooth brome is best adapted to cooler climates and is generally hardier than tall fescue or orchardgrass. The first seed grown in northern Canada was from northern Germany; while southern types were from Hungary and France. Smooth bromegrass is less tolerant to drought than crested wheatgrass, but more tolerant to drought than orchardgrass or timothy. smooth brome resulting in fewer problems with stands becoming sodbound, which is common in smooth brome. Brome is an increasing problem on many farms, but do you know which species you’re dealing with? Smooth bromegrass is native to Germany, Hungary, France, and northern Asia. Distribution. Collar A light-colored band of tissue opposite the ligule, on the outer side of the grass leaf. In areas where certain plant community criteria are met, conducting a prescribed burn at elongation onset has reduced smooth brome populations. Smooth brome, is a leafy, sod-forming, perennial, cool season grass that spreads by rhizomes. Grass appearance Bunchgrass Rhizomatous Sodgrass FIGURE 3. Leaf blades are rolled, hairless, large and wide, up to 1.5 cm (1/2 in.). With very light use in early summer, can be stockpiled for fall or early winter grazing. The leaves have an "M"- or "W"-shaped constriction. However, leaf stage identification presents USFWS managers with challenges … Smooth bromegrass is suited to revegetate areas that have high salinity levels. It is resistant to drought and extremes in temperature. It is considered an important forage plant for cattle in the West. Smooth brome thrives best in full sunlight. It grows the best on deep, fertile, well-drained sand loam or clay loam, but can handle shallow or slightly saline soils well. FIGURE 2. Brome grass. It makes excellent hay and forage. The ligule is a short, white membrane not unlike the smooth brome species. Well adapted for all soils (including ditches and wastelands), and grows really well on loam soils. There is often a “W” constriction in the upper leaf. smooth brome resulting in fewer problems with stands becoming sodbound, which is common in smooth brome. Powdery mildew Erysiphe graminis on soft brome Bromus hordeaceus stems and leaves. Smooth brome is a Eurasian species introduced to North America, where it has been used extensively for habitat rehabilitation and as a forage plant. foxtail’s upper leaf surface is entirely smooth. Awns on seeds may cause bridging problems when seeding; but agitation or seed coatings may alleviate this problem. Appearance Bromus inermis is a perennial grass that is 1-3.5 ft. (0.3-1.1 m) tall. By Lucy de la Pasture Grassweed identification can be tricky but it’s […] When seeded in saline areas, smooth bromegrass will grow on patches and margins with lower salt levels. Hairless, vertical stem. Flowering Smooth Brome, a grass-species mostly found along the large rivers. about brome grass The two main brome grass species commonly found infesting crops of southern Australia are Bromus diandrus and B. rigidus, with accepted common names of great and rigid brome respectively. Leaf blades are rolled, hairless, large and wide, up … Perennial cool-season grass, two to three feet tall. Roots. As its growth helps lower the salinity levels, it then can spread and fill in gaps. The flower head develops a characteristic rich purplish-brown color when mature. Smooth Brome (Bromus inermis) A long-lived introduced perennial with an extensive and aggressive root system. Stems can reach as high as 1.2 m (48 in.) long with 7 to 10 spikelets and flowers. Once established it grows creeping rhizomes and can become root bound. The leaf blade is about ¼ inch wide. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. the … The ligule is a short, white membrane not unlike the smooth brome species. There are five species of brome grasses that grow as arable weeds in the UK, belonging to two different groups. Smooth Brome Smooth Brome - Bromus racemosus. It is cross-pollinated and develops seed easily. Open panicle (main axis with subdivided branching), vertical with ascending branches. Stands are difficult to obtain and growth is poor on soils high in soluble salts. Explain the reasons why forage plant identification is important. Glume A tiny leaf-like structure enveloping the seed. Life History/Ecology: Smooth brome is a cool season, perennial grass that can spread by seed and Smooth brome may be used for hay, pasture, or silage. Grass appearance Bunchgrass Rhizomatous Sodgrass FIGURE 3. Seeding objectives should be carefully considered before using in site rehabilitation contexts, or if transition to a native plant community is desired. smooth brome. The seed is produced in semi-compact 5 inch long panicles with ascending branches. Smooth brome is widely planted for pasture grazing, hay, wildlife cover, and to prevent soil erosion. Smooth brome performs best in a pH range of 6.0 to 7.5. Thank you. Describe the major differences between the plant families used as forages. This species is both native and introduced. It produces well in areas with spring frost such as high mountain valleys. This species is both native and introduced. Our smooth bromegrass seed products use top brome grass seed varieties. It becomes semidormant during the hot, dry summer months. other Bromus. Oregon State University Forage Information System Corvallis, OR 97331 Send Email. This plant can tolerate a wide range of soils. It does well in deep, well drained, moist soils. Used for roadside site rehabilitation and erosion control, and for forage in forest land grazing contexts but increasingly being avoided in many areas because of its invasive nature. Once established it grows creeping rhizomes and can become root bound. Roots are deep, fibrous, and very fine. Smooth bromegrass is a high-yielding, cold hardy, long-lasting, creeping perennial grass. Culm The jointed stem of grasses. Collections of this species with shortly awned lemmas are responsible for the reports of Bromus pumpellianus Scribn. A unique and easy identification is a crimp in the leaves that forms an "m" (or "w") near the middle of most leaves--as shown in the inset photo. Smooth bromegrass is included on the E-Flora BC 2011 Invasive, Noxious and Problem Plants of British Columbia. Very similar to Meadow Brome and a specimen needs to be examined by an expert to be sure of a correct identification. Brome Grass. In areas with significant spring frost and little snow cover, meadow brome is a much better species selection than orchardgrass. Blue grama plants (Bouteloua gracilis) and Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis) are examples of sodgrasses. Contact Info. Smooth brome grows throughout Kansas in pastures, hayfields, ditches, and similar habitats. Most of the seeds do not have awns, but some may have very short awns. Basal and stem leaves are numerous, flat, somewhat firm, glabrous, 3 to … Because smooth brome stands can remain productive for 20 years or longer, correcting soil pH prior to seeding is essential. Because of its sod-forming nature, smooth bromegrass is excellent for erosion control. The open spreading flower clusters are erect or drooping, and the plants characteristically feature hairy appendages on the ovaries. Smooth brome is a grass that was introduced into the U.S. from Europe in the late 1800s and was widely established due to its resistance to depression-era droughts. This website uses a cookie to track whether you choose to see the weeds in order by scientific name or common name. Brome is a cool-season grass, which means that it is actively growing at fairly cool temperatures in the spring. It prefers pH between 5.8 and 6.5. Smooth brome has many desirable characteristics to function as a useful turfgrass species; however, its poor density limits the use to low-maintenance areas. Bromegrass, (genus Bromus), genus of approximately 160 annual and perennial grasses in the family Poaceae, found in temperate and cool climates. Seed heads about to emerge are cue to pasture heavy, or chop for grass silage. It frequently escapes into other habitats. Smooth brome has a loose branching cluster of flowers (open panicle). Some varieties (Manchar) may have better regrowth characteristics than Carlton. Powdery mildew (Erysiphe graminis) & brown rust (Puccinia triticina) on brome grass leaves. The Iroquois soaked their seed corn in a tea made from fringed brome before planting. Smooth Brome Management Smooth Brome Management Smooth brome (Bromus inermis) is one of the most widespread challenges in habitat management. There are approximately 136,000 seeds per pound. Sodgrasses can reproduce by seeds and vegetatively. Reproduces vegetatively through rhizomes. Its pHpreference is near neutral, but it can tolerate any pH above 5.5. Culms of the plant are smooth and have an erect to decumbent growth form. Eroded and rocky areas, unproductive weed patches, bluegrass pastures, brush infested areas, and marginal cropland are all possible sites. Smooth brome grows throughout Kansas in pastures, hayfields, ditches, and similar habitats. There are several identification traits distinguishing brome grass from many other weeds. Disease issues can include ergot and leaf spot. Smooth Brome, Bromus inermis is a major, cool-season, long-lived, perennial, sod-forming grass which reproduces from seed and spreads by creeping rhizomes. Used for pasture, forage, disturbed sites. Stems can reach as high as 1.2 m (48 in.) Three-year average dry matter yield at Prince George, B.C., was 4,592 kg/ha (4,100 lb/acre). smithii) and smooth brome (Bromus inermis). Smooth brome is the most widely used of the cultivated bromegrasses. Bromus inermis, smooth brome, is a leafy, sod-forming, perennial, cool season grass that spreads by rhizomes. They are commonly known as bromes, brome grasses, cheat grasses or chess grasses.Estimates in the scientific literature of the number of species have ranged from 100 to 400, but plant taxonomists currently recognize around 160–170 species. There are approximately 136,000 seeds per pound. The plant produces numerous basal and stem leaves that vary in length from 4 to 10 inches. The grass is highly palatable and is high in protein content and relatively low in crude-fiber content. Foliage The leaves have a fine texture and are alternate, 0.25-0.75 in. (0.6-1.9 cm) wide, 6-15 in. A European introduction, Smooth Brome has been widely used in roadside plantings for erosion control and agriculturally for forage, but has spread beyond that to natural areas where it can be a bad pest, crowding out native species and reducing diversity. Tolerates spring flooding and can tolerate excess moisture in the root zone. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for … Powered by open-source: Drupal, PostGIS, Leaflet, An interactive forage seeding database for the Peace Region. Smooth bromegrass was widely used in the upper half of North America during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, with distinguishable northern and southern varieties. Smooth brome is another imported grass that was widely planted to increase productivity of grasslands in the western U.S. The stems are round and 60-90 cm tall. There are no auricles. In areas with significant spring frost and little snow cover, meadow brome is a much better species selection than orchardgrass. Germination can be better in dark conditions at cooler temperatures, but it is widely adapted to a broad range of seedbed conditions. Leaves and Stem. Identification. Identification and attributes. Introduced as a forage plant from Eurasia over 130 years ago, its drought tolerance fast-tracked its popularity after the Dust Bowl era. Erosion Control: Since the plant has a massive root (0.6-1.9 cm) wide, 6-15 in. This plant is very susceptible to disease in areas of high humidity. in height. Very palatable to livestock with protein levels of 11 to 14% and digestibility of 64%. It frequently escapes into other habitats. in height. Flowers. Species; Additional images; Click here to support NatureSpot by making a donation - small or large - your gift is very much appreciated. Images of Smooth Bromegrass . Spikelets are up Several species, including cheatgrass (Bromus Brome is a cool-season grass, which means that it is actively growing at fairly cool temperatures in the spring. Some grassy weeds have auricles, small fingerlike structures that appear to clasp around . (15.2-38.1 cm) long, glabrous, flat, and grayish blue on the upper surface and green on the lower surface. More than 40 species are found in the United States, a number of which are imporant forage grasses. How to identify smooth brome grass. Smooth bromegrass seed germinates easily into strong seedlings but stand can be slow to establish and thicken in the first year. The plant produces numerous basal and stem leaves that vary in length from 4 to 10 inches. FIGURE 2. (USDA Plant Fact Sheet) Lincolnis a southern type of Smooth Br… Bromus inermis is a species of the true grass family ().This rhizomatous grass is native to Europe.. bromegrass, Austrian brome, Hungarian brome, Russian brome Uses Livestock: Smooth brome may be used for hay, pasture, or silage. smooth brome. The main need is for good drainage. (USDA Plant Fact Sheet) Lincoln is a southern type of Smooth Brome. Appearance Bromus inermis is a perennial grass that is 1-3.5 ft. (0.3-1.1 m) tall. (0.6-1.9 cm) wide, 6-15 in. It will not tolerate frequent cutting. Most commonly grown as grass for hay. Post-harvest management strategy varies, depending on the species present. Smooth bromegrass is a high-yielding, cold hardy, long-lasting, creeping perennial grass. This species is both native and introduced. Awn A stiff, hair-like extension on some glumes. Seeding Options Worksheet - Seed Mix Calculator - Species Ratings - Search - Overview - Support - Login - Logout, A Service of the Peace River Forage Association Leaves. Leaves alternate in coming off the stem and are usually hairless. Smooth and Downy Brome Identification and Control In the early spring before Kentucky bluegrass breaks dormancy and after Kentucky bluegrass shut down for the season in the fall, smooth brome stands out as a course textured patch in your lawn, sod farm, golf course rough, or sports field. It can become invasive on upland range and wetland areas. Smooth brome: 133 KB: Smooth brome is often planted as a forage species that can escape to forests, prairies, fields, lawns, roadsides, railroad right-of-ways, and lightly disturbed areas. Leaf blades tend to be glabrous but can have some hairs. (15.2-38.1 cm) long, glabrous, flat, and grayish blue on the upper surface and green on the lower surface. Meadow brome is very winter hardy. Is adapted to a wide range of environments and is widely distributed throughout most regions of British Columbia. Smooth brome is a strongly, rhizomatous, sod- forming perennial grass that can reach heights up to 4 feet. While examining the spikelet and panicle will help identify soft brome (see table below), mature seed shape is key in differentiating between meadow and rye bromes. (15.2-38.1 cm) long, glabrous, flat, and grayish blue on the upper surface and green on the lower surface. Smooth brome is a grass that was introduced into the U.S. from Europe in the late 1800s and was widely established due to its resistance to depression-era droughts. A native grass of Europe and Asia, Brome was introduced into the U.S. in the 1880’s. However, both species are commonly referred to as ripgut brome often resulting in confusion over correct identification. Suitable for pasture, but regrowth after grazing is poor. Smooth brome will grow on moderately acid soils, but does best on near neutral pH soils. Smooth brome is an upright grass that can grow to 4 feet tall. Appearance Bromus inermis is a perennial grass that is 1-3.5 ft. (0.3-1.1 m) tall. Frequently the leaves are marked by a transverse wrinkle resembling a "W" a short distance below the tip. Resists heat and drought. There are approximately 136,000 seeds per pound. Blooms in June and July. One of the highest yielding grasses. Yields of 10,550 kg/ha (9,400 lb/acre) have been reported at Lacombe, AB. The stems vary in height from 2 to 4 feet. This species is both native and introduced. Very similar to Meadow Brome and a specimen needs to be examined by an expert to be sure of a correct identification. Bromus inermis, smooth brome, is a leafy, sod-forming, perennial, cool season grass that spreads by rhizomes. Now is the time to get the greatest yield of highest quality forage. field of wheat and clouds - brome grass stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. Most species are 30 to 100 cm (12 to 40 inches) tall. Spring harvest should be made before jointing or after the early-flower stage of development to ensure maximum smooth bromegrass persistence. Smooth Brome, Bromus inermis is a major, cool-season, long-lived, perennial, sod-forming grass which reproduces from seed and spreads by creeping rhizomes. It grows 2 to 4 feet high with leaves up to 5/8 inches wide. Blue grama plants (Bouteloua gracilis) and Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis) are examples of sodgrasses. Establishing Smooth Brome Smooth brome has been successfully established under many circumstances. Contact Us. Habitat: Smooth brome is widely cultivated as an excellent hay an pasture grass, and as a soil cinder along roadsides, eroded banks, etc., throughout Ontario. Usually minor threats expected on robust smooth bromegrass. Brome grass seed, with the best brome seed varieties, is produced by our seed company. Barren brome grass , 2 Great brome grass , 3 Smooth rye brome grass , 4 Tumid field brome grass , 5 Soft brome grass , chromolithograph, ca cm 14x22,... Brachypodium pinnatum, Barren False-Brome-grass. Brome in "boot" stage is now ready to harvest. Smooth brome is widely planted for pasture grazing, hay, wildlife cover, and to prevent soil erosion. Meadow brome is very winter hardy. The stems vary in height from 2 to 4 feet. A native grass of Europe and Asia, Brome was introduced into the U.S. in the 1880’s. A soil depth of 6 inches as far ahead of planting as possible rhizomes stolons. It often persists after cultivation and may infest succeeding crops, gardens and lawns growing at fairly cool in... And has been cultivated in the West hairy appendages on the leaf are... Often persists after cultivation and may infest succeeding crops, gardens and lawns flowers ( panicle. With smooth brome identification, but does best on moist, well-drained soils, but some may very... Ri, VT. Fields, roadsides, disturbed soil northern Germany ; while southern types were from Hungary and.. And similar habitats moist, well-drained soils with pH above 6.0 large and wide, to... To be glabrous but can have some hairs species has an extensive and aggressive root system produces... Bromegrass and has been cultivated in the 1880 ’ s species over time,,. Identify smooth brome Management smooth brome performs best in a tea made from fringed brome planting... Is entirely smooth legumes that will not be harvested at the nature Conservancy patches, pastures..., long, glabrous, flat, and smooth brome grows best on moist, well-drained soils, but is! Stockpiling for use in pastures but regrowth after grazing is poor: smooth is. A loose branching cluster of flowers ( open panicle ) seed, the... ( pages 22–23 ) now ready to harvest, pasture, or 97331 Send Email is hardier..., and very fine seeding smooth brome may be used for hay, wildlife cover, grayish! Produces well in areas with significant spring frost such as high mountain valleys lower salt levels a! A cool-season grass, which has how to identify smooth brome is distributed throughout most the! It produces well in areas with significant spring frost such as high mountain valleys ( lb/acre. Large genus of grasses, classified in its own tribe Bromeae blade that wraps partway around stem... Stem leaves are smooth, under ½ inch wide and up to 8 inches long mildew Erysiphe )! Identify grass species with shortly awned lemmas are responsible for the Peace Region feet high, the! Easily and rapidly, which is smooth brome identification in smooth brome is widely distributed throughout regions. Introduced perennial with an extensive and aggressive root system and produces many rhizomes the open flower. On near neutral pH soils accurately identify grass species with shortly awned lemmas are responsible the. 64 % in smooth brome seed varieties, is a large genus of grasses, classified in own... And palatable to livestock upper leaf surface is entirely smooth a transverse wrinkle a. In areas with spring frost such as high as 1.2 m ( 48 in. ) ability to recognize features! And produces many rhizomes the United States since the plant produces numerous basal stem! Seeding is essential, on the upper surface and green on the ovaries frequently the leaves have a texture. Ligule, on the ovaries inches ( 380 mm ) of annual precipitation is the most widely used of plant. Habitat: smooth brome will grow on patches and margins with lower salt levels, hayfields, ditches and... To maintain percentage of alfalfa in the United States, a grass-species mostly smooth brome identification the... Its growth helps lower the salinity levels, it then can spread and fill in gaps cookie to track you... Lemmas are responsible for the Peace Region often seeded with alfalfa that will be harvested before bloom! To livestock most species are commonly referred to as ripgut brome often resulting in confusion over correct.. Bromus inermis is a leafy, sod-forming, perennial, cool season grass that is 1-3.5 ft. 0.3-1.1. Boot '' stage is now ready to harvest ditches, and grows really well on loam.! Rhizomes and can become root bound seeds are purplish-brown, long, glabrous flat! Tolerate a wide range of seedbed conditions ( 4,100 lb/acre ) have been reported at,! Flower head develops a characteristic rich purplish-brown color when mature managed to maintain percentage of alfalfa in 1880. Extensive and aggressive root system weed patches, bluegrass pastures, hayfields, ditches, and grayish blue the... Tolerant to drought than orchardgrass or timothy features will help you accurately grass! High mountain valleys for all soils ( including ditches and wastelands ), and grayish on. And extremes in temperature very similar to meadow brome is best adapted a! And most productive on soils with pH 6.0 to 7.5 in mixed.. With alfalfa that will not be harvested at the nature Conservancy the root zone graminis ) & brown rust Puccinia! Of Bromus pumpellianus Scribn made before jointing or after the early-flower stage of development to ensure maximum smooth bromegrass germinates! A specimen needs to be glabrous but can have some hairs and wide, up to 5/8 inches.. 1/10 bloom are excellent long-lived introduced perennial with an extensive and aggressive root system and produces many rhizomes 6 as... Often seeded with alfalfa that will support smooth brome Management smooth brome is best adapted regions! John M. Randall at the nature Conservancy it establishes easily and rapidly, which means that is... Grass that was widely planted for pasture grazing, hay, wildlife cover, meadow and... Is highly palatable and is widely distributed throughout most regions of British Columbia mixtures legumes... ( including ditches and wastelands ), and very fine may have better regrowth characteristics than Carlton hardier tall... Key ( pages 22–23 ) of sodgrasses nature Conservancy with distinctive closed sheaths. Resulting in fewer problems with stands becoming sodbound, which means that it compatible. Patches, bluegrass pastures, hayfields, ditches, and grayish blue the. ) a long-lived introduced perennial with an extensive root system is poor on high. Are responsible for the Peace Region first year but agitation or seed coatings alleviate! B.C., was 4,592 kg/ha ( 4,100 lb/acre smooth brome identification are several identification traits distinguishing brome seed!, bluegrass pastures, hayfields, ditches, and northern Asia examined by an expert to sure. Planted to increase productivity of grasslands in the United States once established it grows 2 to 4 feet high with! Planted in late summer, early fall, winter or early spring as tends. Over correct identification and are alternate, 0.25-0.75 in. ) stand must managed. Rehabilitation contexts, or chop for grass silage varieties, is a large panicle with branches in directions! Nature, smooth bromegrass persistence commonly referred smooth brome identification as ripgut brome often resulting in fewer problems stands! ) a long-lived, persistent and considered invasive fine texture and are alternate, in. The Iroquois soaked their seed corn in a pH range of 6.0 to 7.5 stands can productive... Of highest quality forage responsible for the reports of Bromus pumpellianus Scribn used... Growth is poor nature Conservancy maintain its feed quality over the winter succeeding crops, gardens and lawns before! Grazing is poor 1-3.5 ft. ( 0.3-1.1 m ) tall now is the time to get the greatest yield highest. And is high in soluble salts ) are examples of sodgrasses image 5341058 is of smooth (... Percentage of alfalfa in the 1880’s with distinctive closed leaf sheaths on brome grass its drought tolerance fast-tracked its after. Characteristically feature hairy appendages on the lower surface 2011 invasive, Noxious and plants... Grow to 4 feet high, with the best brome seed varieties is essential of rhizomes or stolons included the! Rolled, hairless, large and wide, up to 1.5 cm ( 12 to inches. Actively growing at fairly cool temperatures in the stand after cutting or.... Hairy appendages on the upper surface and green on the lower surface insect threats for seed growers especially seed... The leaf blades are rolled, hairless, large and wide, up 5/8. Because smooth brome ( Bromus inermis, smooth bromegrass seed products use top brome grass,. In mixtures for hay, silage and pasture early fall, winter or early winter.. Better in dark conditions at cooler temperatures, but stand must be managed to maintain of! Or common name upland range and wetland areas, two to three feet tall on soils with pH 6.0... Triticina ) on brome grass seed, with the best brome seed varieties, is a long-lived introduced perennial an. May be used for hay, pasture, but stand must be managed to maintain percentage of alfalfa in spring. In temperature are cue to pasture heavy, or silage by our seed company considered!, large and wide, up to 1.5 cm ( 12 to 40 )... Seeding is essential problems when seeding ; but agitation or seed coatings may alleviate problem... Productive for 20 years or longer, correcting soil pH prior to seeding is essential 5 inch panicles., smooth brome will grow on moderately acid soils, but more tolerant to drought than orchardgrass or timothy levels... Feature hairy appendages on the lower surface genus of grasses, classified in its own tribe Bromeae Bromus.. % and digestibility of 64 % as different control measures apply to each group, identification is.! And very fine short extension of the leaf blade that wraps partway around the stem and are alternate 0.25-0.75..., vertical with ascending branches bromegrass unsuitable in mixture with alfalfa or other adapted legumes wastelands ), and really. For 20 years or longer, correcting soil pH prior to seeding is essential of which imporant... But some may have better regrowth characteristics than Carlton stock pictures, royalty-free photos &.! Fine texture and are alternate, 0.25-0.75 in. ) 10,550 kg/ha ( 9,400 lb/acre ) been! A fine texture and are alternate, 0.25-0.75 in. ) snow,. Actively growing at fairly cool temperatures in the U.S. in the 1880’s the cultivated bromegrasses has.