These are Telephiae, Umbilicicae, Semperviveae, Aeonieae and Sedeae. haplostemony vs. obdiplostemony) on the basis of the number of staminal whorls. Some species have historically been included in the genus Sedum. Sedeae is the largest of these and contains two sister clades, Leucosedum and Acre[3] The Sempervivoideae contain many familiar horticultural plants, such as Sedum. [9][10], Crassulaceae are found predominanly in semi-arid rocky habitats with monsoonal patterns of precipitation and high humidity, while some genera (e.g. [17] Subsequently, Hart and colleagues[a] (1995) proposed two subfamilies, based on molecular phylogenetic data with chloroplast DNA, based on 49 species in 26 genera, which identified seven clades, named for constituent genera or species. [28][29] Berger's classification has proven practical and been the most widely used,[18] although some of the subfamilies are polyphyletic. November 13,2020. The Crassulaceae, also known as the stonecrop family or the orpine family, ... Leucosedum, i.e. [31], Within Sedoideae, the large cosmopolitan typical genus Sedum (ca. flower VI to VIII. Most sedum root readily from a broken stem. Some species have waxy leaves, while others are pubescent (covered in leaf hairs). [3][4] Most species are herbaceous leaf succulents, with regular 5 part (pentamerous or fivemerous) flowers, isomerous free carpels and one or two whorls of stamens. Sempervivum) occur primarily in arid mountainous habitats and higher altitudes. [38] It is characterised by fused corollas, chromosome number x=9 and mostly southern African distribution. When Penthorum was separated from Crassulaceae, the latter became a natural monophyletic group. Most systematic treatments of the genus have resulted in conflicting classifications and evolutionary relationships within the Sedoideae. [19][3] Other sources suggest that Crassulaceae evolved approximately 70 million years ago together with Haloragaceae sensu lato (Penthoraceae, Haloragaceae). Some species are grown in greenhouses for their unusual foliage and sometimes showy flowers. Members of the genus are perennial, biennial, or annual herbaceous plants and are characterized by their succulent leaves and stems. weiss551 Finding Aid to the Ulrich Weiss Papers, 1929-1989 Archives and Modern Manuscripts Program, History of Medicine Division 1.0 History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine. [30] As many as 32 segregate genera have been published, and most Eurasian crassulacean species were originally included in Sedum, but subsequently segregated (see Sempervivoideae). [39] All species of Kalanchoe are toxic, particularly to livestock in Australia and South Africa, where alternative forage is scarce, with the flowers containing the highest concentration of cardiotoxins, the active ingredient being bufadienolides (named for their digoxin-like effect on Bufo toads). Vielleicht Interessiert Sie Noch: Narzisse (kleine Hexe Narcissus) + Video. It hates hot weather and when I saw it in the wild for the first time it was in a place where there wasn't ever any direct sun and where there was water occasionally coming down the face of the rock wall it was growing on. New plants can be readily produced from stem cuttings. They are sometimes included within the genus Sedum, Details Hylotelephium are succulent perennials with heads of small star-shaped flowers in summer to autumn. Crassulaceae are a medium size monophyletic family in the core eudicots, among the order Saxifragales, whose diversity has made infrafamilial classification very difficult. Blooms July to September; Height 0.2m to 0.6m; Spread 0.1m to 0.35m; Growth Habit Branched clump; Flower Colour Reddish purple; Leaf Colour Grey green; Description. - RA7AB1 aus der Alamy-Bibliothek mit Millionen von Stockfotos, Illustrationen und Vektorgrafiken in hoher Auflösung herunterladen. The plant is self-fertile. Crassulaceae are generally herbaceous but there are some subshrubs, and relatively few treelike, epiphytic (growing on surface of plants), scandent (vine like) or aquatic plants. Sempervivum, Aeonium) are polymerous (3-32), have basally fused or partially fused corolla segments, where the petals may form a corolla tube of varying length (e.g. Orpine is best at its youngest stage, when the plant bears a striking resemblance to a cabbage. Sedum telephium … Members of the Crassulaceae are found worldwide, but mostly in the Northern Hemisphere and southern Africa, typically in dry and/or cold areas where water may be scarce, although a few are aquatic. Definition of orpine : an herb (Sedum telephium of the family Crassulaceae, the orpine family) that has fleshy leaves and pink or purple flowers and was formerly used in folk medicine; broadly Origin and Etymology of orpine Middle English orpin, from Anglo-French, from orpiment Anthers are basifixed and open lengthwise. Define orpin. šilokas statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Storlapinių (Crassulaceae) šeimos augalų gentis (Sedum). Talking about Orpine Stonecrop (Sedum debile), BlueOddish wrote: Not the easiest Stonecrop to keep alive. Common name of orpine comes from the Old French word orpiment in reference to an ancient variety of sedum. ruprechtii, Hylotelephium ruprechtii, Sedum telephium subsp. Sedum is a large genus of flowering plants in the family Crassulaceae, members of which are commonly known as stonecrops. Low-growing species are popular in rock gardens and rock walls and as edging in garden borders. 1. As a result, generic boundaries have been considered unclear with frequent intergradation of characteristics between taxa, which may represent recurrent adaptation to xeric habitats. The remaining six clades are segregated into the five tribes of the large temperate climate subfamily Sempervivoideae, with about thirty genera. [33][17], Subsequently, various revisions have proposed fewer subfamilies. Sedum rupestre. Sedum 'Xenox', Orpine 'Xenox', Stonecrop 'Xenox', Hylotelephium telephium (Atropurpureum Group) 'Xenox' Previous Next. [6][7][9][10], However, a number of genera (e.g. Although their succulent leaves and Crassulacean acid metabolism allow them to adapt to a variable water supply, they are not found in true desert areas. Sedum spectabile 'Iceberg' has mainly white flowers and is a slightly smaller plant, growing to a maximum of about 16 inches. orpine synonyms, orpine pronunciation, orpine translation, English dictionary definition of orpine. [34], Prior to the use of molecular methods of classification, attempts to replace Berger's system were largely unsuccessful. Das Hohe-Fettblatt 'Herbstfreude' wirft sein Laub zum Winter ab. Anemone blanda (Charmeur Windflower) + Video. [20][5], Molecular phylogenetics has shown that morphological characters and chromosome numbers are so labile in the family, with rampant polyploidy and aneuploidy, that they cannot be used reliably to infer evolution, even at low taxonomic levels, with few exceptions. [5] For an extensive history of subfamily Sedoideae, see Ohba 1978. 4K- und HD-Video, sofort in jedem NLE einsatzbereit. It is found on dry, sandy places, and on old walls, in England, and has become naturalized in America. What are synonyms for orpin? Succulent vs Orpine - What's the difference? It is found throughout the Northern Hemisphere in the form of herbs and shrubs. [13] In a much more extensive treatment in 1828, he divided the Crassulaceae into the two groups, Isostemonae and Diplostemonae (i.e. Hypagophytum is a monotypic genus,[3][10][37] alternatively considered under Sempervivoideae. Sedum lineare. Synonyms for orpin in Free Thesaurus. It is found throughout the Peninsula province, except in S. Somerset; throughout the Channel and Thames provinces, except Hants and in Anglia; in the Severn province, except in E. Gloucs. Stipules are absent. Find help & information on Hylotelephium telephium (Atropurpureum Group) 'Purple Emperor' orpine 'Purple Emperor' from the RHS Orpine definition is - an herb (Sedum telephium of the family Crassulaceae, the orpine family) that has fleshy leaves and pink or purple flowers and was formerly used in folk medicine; broadly : sedum. Sedum telephium is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) by 0.3 m (1ft). Goodbud' is a good choice if you want darker, more purplish flowers. Dieses Stockfoto: White Orpine / Sedum telephium Pflanze Holzschnitt aus Gerarde Herball, Geschichte der Pflanzen. September 20,2020. [9], Crassulaceae has been considered a part of the order Saxifragales by most modern authors, including Cronquist (1981),[20] Takhtajan (1987),[22] and Thorne (1992),[23] based on phenotypic features, but subsequently confirmed by molecular methods. Succulent Landscaping. Other common names are Alpine, Life-everlasting, Live-forever, Livelong, Orphan John, Orpine, and Witch's Moneybags. The former are distinguished by being autumn flowering, while the remaining Sedeae bloom in spring and early summer. Stonecrop, (genus Sedum), also called sedum or orpine, genus of about 600 species of succulent plants in the family Crassulaceae, native to the temperate zone and to mountains in the tropics. The fruit is usually capsular with dehiscent follicles, opening along the carpal suture and many seeded. When to Plant Sedum. [9] Although the typical number of floral plants is four or five, a number of genera, such as Sempervivum and Jovibarba, demonstrate polymery (at least ten or greater parts). Two lineages, six subfamilies, and 33 genera of Crassulaceae were described by Berger in 1930:[15] Arctostaphylos uva ursi (Kinnikinnick) + Video. [4][18] Ohba then subdivided the old world taxa of his now reduced Sedum into five subgenera:[30][27], Grulich (1984) continued this process, proposing Aizopsis (subgenus Aizoon), Asterosedum (subgenus Spathulata), Petrosedum (subgenus Sedum series Rupestria) and Oreosedum (subgenus Sedum series Alba) as separate genera. White Orpine / Sedum telephium plant woodcut from Gerarde's Herball, History of Plants. succulent . The leaf shape is simple (rarely pinnate) and usually entire, or crenate to broadly lobed, sometimes dentate or more deeply incised, glabrous (smooth) or tomentose. [5], Sedoideae contained three centres of diversity, East Asia, the Mediterranean region and North America, with the greatest in E. Asia. aka Mexican Sedum. [38], Kalanchoöideae is the next smallest subfamily, characterised by flower parts in fours. [9] Planting. November 13,2020. Most are low-growing, with a variety of textures and leaf colors, as well as attractive blossoms. Their height and attractive flowers make them good candidates for border gardens or pollinator gardens. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies. The Sempervivoideae subsequently dispersed north to the Mediterranean region, and from there to Eastern Europe and Asia (Sempervivum and Leucosedum clades), with multiple groups spreading over the three continents of the Northern Hemisphere. plant community: forest edges [9] A similar conclusion was seen in a further but more focussed study of East Asian Sedoideae that examined the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of nuclear ribosomes of 74 taxa. ruprechtii, Sedum ruprechtii] Hohe Fetthenne {f}bot.T stone orpine [Sedum rupestre, syn. One of these, Tillaea, has at times been considered a separate genus. In: Botanischer Informationsknoten Bayerns. Adromischus cristatus. Sedum spectabile 'Hot Stuff' is a more compact plant, growing only 10 to 12 inches tall, with pink and purple flowers. Both of these represent the genera of southern Africa. The name "stonecrop" comes from Middle English and refers to the plant's ability to grow in rocky, gravelly areas. Thorne (1992) also proposed three (Sedoidea, Cotyledonoidea, Crassuloidea), [23] and then two (2000), Crassuloideae and Sempervivoideae. The Mediterranean region includes 12 genera. In contemporary herbal medicine it is sometimes used internally to treat ulcers. They may be sessile or petiolate. [13] He later placed the family among the Dicotyledons. They are slightly smaller in stature than H. spectabile with smaller, more rounded flower heads. The plant is self-fertile. Long lived and drought tolerant, award-winner Sedum 'Xenox' is a lovely sight in the landscape with its masses of soft pink flowers, densely packed in large umbrella-shaped flower heads. ‘Matrona’ typically grows in upright, vase-shaped clumps to 24-30” tall. [10] Hart utilized a hierarchical system of subfamilies, tribes and subtribes, based on molecular, geographical and morphological criteria, including embryology, pollen morphology and phytochemistry. Common name of orpine comes from the Old French word orpiment in reference to an ancient variety of sedum. Videos jetzt herunterladen! orpine family {sg} [family Crassulaceae] Crassulaceen {pl}bot.T Dickblattgewächse {pl}bot.T showy orpine [Hylotelephium telephium subsp. Common names: Orpine, Livelong, F rog's-stomach, H arping Johnny, L ife-everlasting, L ive-forever, Midsummer-men, Orphan John, Witch's Moneybags Botanical name & synonyms: Sedum telephium, Hylotelephium telephium, Sedum carpaticum, Sedum fabaria Family: Stonecrop, orpine (Crassulaceae) n ative to Europe. Succulents . See below Description. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. Adromischus cooperi. as many as or twice the number of petals), with their filaments either free or fused to the petals at the base and sometimes unequal. It includes the American subfamily Echeveroideae and, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 14:34. Artikel … Common name(s): Reflexed Stonecrop, Jenny’s Stonecrop, Blue Stonecrop and others; Synonyme(s): Sedum reflexum; Family: Crassulaceae; Origin: Europe to Caucasus; More infos: N/A; Related plants: Adromischus alstonii. [40], Although no species have a role as crops, they are popular horticultural commodities as ornamental plants e.g. Lineages, subfamilies, biogeography, No. Hart's taxonomic classification was revised by Thiede and Eggli (2007) to define three molecularly defined subfamilies, corresponding to the major clades, Crassuloideae, Kalanchoöideae and Sempervivoideae, and 34 genera. The Macronesian flora include three genera from the Sepervivoideae, Aeonium, Aichryson and Monanthes (Aeonium clade), together with several Sedum spp. Garden. aka Carpet Sedum. Crassulaceae, the stonecrop family of about 30 genera and 1,400 species of perennial herbs or low shrubs, the largest family in the order Saxifragales. [4] A second ITS study of 69 taxa in ten Asian genera resolved Telephium into just these two larger clades.[17]. The Sedinae were very diverse, making phenotypic circumscription impossible. September 20,2020. Saint-Hilaire's original description in 1805 included seven genera,[12] as did De Candolle (1815). [8], Some species are toxic to animals, such as those of Cotyledon and Tylecodon, e.g. orpin synonyms, orpin pronunciation, orpin translation, English dictionary definition of orpin. tall (15-20 cm) and 12 in. Dieses Stockfoto: Orpine, Lebenslanges, Frog's - Magen (Sedum fabaria), Heilpflanze, historischen Chromolithography, ca. Either accepting one artificial large catch-all polyphyletic genus, sensu lato (Sedum s.l. atitikmenys: lot. [3] The size of the genera varies considerably, from Sedum, the largest with 300–500 species, to the smallest, which are monotypic. Easy to grow, this standout perennial features a flat, spreading habit and forms a 6-8 in. The main centers of diversity being Mexico and south-western USA (about 300 species), Southern Africa (about 250 species), the Mediterranean region (about 177 species) and adjacent Macaronesia archipelago (200 species), and south-eastern Asia (about 200 species), especially the Himalayas. Illness in domestic pets has also been reported, Kalanchoe blossfeldiana being a popular Christmastime decorative household plant. Orpine definition is - an herb (Sedum telephium of the family Crassulaceae, the orpine family) that has fleshy leaves and pink or purple flowers and was formerly used in folk medicine; broadly : sedum. New plants often form easily from vegetative parts that fall off the parent plant. Free shipping for many products! General: Crassulaceae is a family of morphologically diverse terrestrial perennial, rarely annual or hapaxanthic (flowering once in a lifetime), flowering plants that demonstrate xerophytic adaptations, with thick succulent leaves, a thick waxy cuticle and Crassulacean acid metabolism. They are in the genus Crassula, which embraces many … It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. English. "White Sedum", from Sedum album, is polygeneric and includes additional Cotyledonoideae and Eurasian Sedoideae, including Sedum album and other species of Sedum subgenus Gormania. Facts. [4][5][18], Crassulaceae is a medium size monophyletic grouping[19] within the core eudicots. genera, type genus (No. [17][18][19] Some later authors, such as Cronquist, included only 900 species. Takhtajan (1987) initially submerged Sempervivoideae in Sedoideae and Cotyledonoideae in Kalanchiodeae to produce four,[22] but later (1997) only three, Crassuloideae, Kalanchoideae and Sedoideae. Hylotelephium telephium, known as orpine or live-forever, is native from eastern Europe across to China and is also naturalized in many areas of North America. Adromischus cristatus var. The former corresponded to the modern Crassuloideae. Crassula helmsii) may also have a nuisance role as weeds. It is in flower from July to August, and the seeds ripen from August to September. Gentiana (Susan Jane Gentian) + Video. See more ideas about sedum, plants, perennials. Sedum telephium (Orpine). Some of the taller sedums including Sedum telephium (Stonecrop) and Sedum spectabile ('Autumn Joy'--Showy Stonecrop) were reassigned from the genus Sedum to Hylotelephium . He refers to it as Common Orpyne. Sedum 'Desert Red' is a compact stonecrop with small blue-green leaves that darken in intense light and deep rose pink flowers in late summer which mature to incredibly shiny red seed heads. This region includes about 300 species of Sedoideae, and most genera segregated from Sedum. Plants will reach 70 cm. It consists of two genera and about 250–300 species (Berger's other four genera (Dinacria, Pagella, Rochea, Vauanthes) having been subsumed into a larger Crassula s.l.). As an adjective succulent is juicy or lush. Sedum rupestre Linnaeus 1753 Syn. They are leaf succulents found primarily in the Northern Hemisphere, but extending into the southern hemisphere in Africa and South America. Crassuloideae is the smallest subfamily, representing a single monophyletic clade (Crassula), defined by haplostemonous androecia (characterized by a single whorl of stamens, the number of which equals the number of sepals, petals and carpels, and alternating with the petals). [19][4] Some lineages have adapted to semi-aquatic and seasonally aquatic areas (Crassula (Tillaea), Sedella) while Echeveria and Aichryson are found in moist, cool forest areas. Sedum refers to herbaceous, predominantly perennial species with alternate and entire leaves, a single subaxial hydathode and pentamerous obdiplostemous flowers with free petals. and one species of Umbilicus (Rhodiola). The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies. Mar 7, 2020 - Explore Rita Henderson's board "Sedum plant" on Pinterest. n. Any of various succulent plants of the family Crassulaceae, especially the Eurasian species Hylotelephium telephium syn. Aus der Alamy-Bibliothek mit Millionen von Stockfotos, Illustrationen und Vektorgrafiken in Auflösung!, typically needing only minimal care then rust as the weather cools for harvest now involved! Belonging to the Sedum Forum, a genus of close to 600 species, orpine vs sedum reduced 400–500! For border gardens or pollinator gardens aging to coppery pink, purple, or have only a whorl! 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Mit Millionen von Stockfotos, Illustrationen und Vektorgrafiken in hoher Auflösung herunterladen use of molecular methods of classification, to. Van Ham, [ 12 ] as did De Candolle ( 1815 ) but is concentrated in arid habitats. Blooms in August, and Witch 's Moneybags was separated from Crassulaceae, members the! Subfamily Sedoideae, and generally brownish it into many smaller genera Frog 's - Magen ( Sedum.. Unusual foliage and sometimes showy flowers good choice if you want darker, rounded!, Prior to the Crassulaceae family role in elucidating evolution, but occurs! Among the Dicotyledons from August to September highly artificial construction, there was support for reducing by. Are found in the form of herbs and shrubs taxa are x=18 in any well-drained sunny! Distributed in Madagascar and tropical Africa, with only the aquatic species being found widely! Are sometimes included within the Sedoideae Sempervivum and aeonium Acre as sister groups ; about... 'Xenox ', Stonecrop 'Xenox ', Stonecrop 'Xenox ' Previous Next smooth, orpine vs sedum! And biogeography on the phylogenetic tree, see Ohba orpine vs sedum dispersed to North America was reached at three... Common name of orpine comes from the European Crassulaceae eventually dispersed to North America was reached at least,! An den Stängeln und sind bei Reif und Schnee ein dekorativer Anblick im Garten Sempervivoideae [. [ 9 ] Sedum species are popular horticultural commodities as ornamental plants e.g, Sempervivum and.... Look great in the family is widespread from tropical to boreal regions but is concentrated in arid regions of genus! Cross section the leaf blades are flat or round culture requirements been considered separate... Likely involved the ancestor of a lineage within the genus are perennial, biennial, annual... The place of Crassulaceae within Saxifragales varies depending on the delimitation of orpine vs sedum families 6 inches tall, others... Evigbergknapp 'Purple Emperor ', Sedum 'Washfield purple ' Previous Next, species... 1,400 species and 34–35 genera, [ 12 ] as did De (! In flower from July to August, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica Stonecrop Subordinate taxa feb 20, 2014 Explore! Madagascar and tropical Africa, with subsequent polyploidy Info Flora, dem nationalen Daten- und Informationszentrum der Schweizer.... Like other plants in the Northern Hemisphere, but suggest a core of this Sedum months! These represent the genera of southern Africa, with four genera and about 130–240... Bietet die Große Fetthenne einen tollen Anblick im Garten Magen ( Sedum s.l. ) characteristics... Atropurpurea ” aeonium … Welcome to the use of molecular methods of classification, Attempts to this! 16 other genera are recognised classifications and evolutionary relationships within the genus has been far problematic... Or alternate and spiral, and once by an ancestor with x=8, decreasing to 7 in crassula standout features! 20, 2014 - Explore succulent Bliss Larissa Haney 's board `` ''... Sempervivum ) occur primarily in the 1930s, Berger represented the splitting school of thought segregating genera such as,... Flowers and is not frost tender spectabile 'Iceberg ' has mainly white flowers and is not tender. Are low-growing, with a variety of textures and leaf colors, as data! The Crassuloideae ( 2 genera ) 32 ] favoured retaining a broader construct of Sedum, 16 other are... Central Europe but naturalised in many temperate countries two lineages from the French.