THE MIDDLE ENGLISH PERIOD (c. 1066-1450 CE) In 1066, Norman French armies invade and conquer England under William I. In addition, Samuel Richardson's sentimental epistolary novel "Pamela, or Virtue Rewarded" (1740) had great literary influence. Characteristics. Fragmented Structure. Renaissance. II. The range of years is, for the purpose of this article, literature written from (roughly) 1799 to 1900. II. Western literature is considered one of the defining elements of Western civilization . European literature includes literature in many languages; among the most important of the modern written works are … Eastern Europe does not have strict political or geographic borders; it'… Symbolism was seen as superior because they could suggest many things instead of the direct interpretations of allegories It is located in Europe. The result was a valorization of "fine feeling," displaying the characters as a model for refined, moral and emotional effect. Seriously, music can be found absolutely everywhere, and every musical tradition is distinct. Literature and cultural history are strongest, including politics, theology, Romance and Germanic philology, education, and the classics. In this article, we take a look at some of the most important characteristics of the literary trend and look at some of the most famous works that emerged from it. 5. Music from this part of the world is different from, say the music of Northern Africa, Western Asia, or Western Europe, all nearby regions. 3. Rationally, he disregards his sentimental obligation because "there is no regular reasoning upon the ebbs and flows of our humours" (6) . Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The creation of the printing press by Johannes Guttenberg in 1440 allowed for much of the literature during this time to be read by a much larger audience. Around the middle of the century, sentimentalism set "untouched" nature against (courtly) civilization, as in the works of Jean Jacques Rousseau. Renaissance literature changed the world forever through writers such as Shakespeare. This era refers to the intellectual enlightenment in European history. Yet he senses from the conscience of his sentimental nature that he has done wrong. He feels discontent when he disregards what he senses he ought to do, even though he appears to obey "better reason" (4). European History, History, Medieval History, Recent Posts July 31, 2017 Five Characteristics of a Witch – An Extract by Ronald Hutton Witches can be defined, quite legitimately, in a number of different ways in the present world. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). European Literature GROUP 4 DONALD ELTAGUNDE KENNETH DONGALLO JOHN LLOYD DIALAGDON JEICEL TANTOY JOSHUA MAGLINAO 2. Updates? Diverse as they are, European literatures, like European languages, are parts of a common heritage. These periods are spans of time in which literature shared intellectual, linguistic, religious, and artistic influences. ... • Key characteristics of this period include an interest in the common man and childhood, emotions and feelings, the awe of nature, emphasis on the individual, myths, and the importance of the imagination. 4. French literature of the second half of the 17th century is considered classical, as is English literature of 1660–1714. Later, some Greek city-states expanded to seek arable land on the northern shores of the Aegean, the Black Sea and the southern Italian peninsula. In colloquial speech, European literature is often used as a synonym for Western literature. Walter Cohen argues that the history of European literature and each of its standard periods can be illuminated by comparative consideration of the different literary languages within Europe and by the ties of European literature to world literature. Corrections? Then, in the … (Finnish and Hungarian and Semitic languages of the eastern Mediterranean, such as Hebrew, are not Indo-European. European Literature 1. Key characteristics of this period include an interest in the common man and childhood, emotions and feelings, the awe of nature, emphasis on the individual, myths, and the importance of the imagination. Characteristics of Victorian novels. Sentimentalism in literature was also often used as a medium through which authors could promote their own agendas—imploring readers to empathize with the problems they are dealing with in their books. In northern Europe, this time period marks the setting of Viking sagas. Arising from religiously-motivated empathy, it expanded to the other perceptions - for example, sensual love was no longer understood as a destructive passion (Vanitas) but rather as a basis of social institutions, as it was for Antoine Houdar de la Motte. After the monk leaves empty handed, it is Yorick's "heart" that "smote the moment shut the door" (7). There is a scene early in the novel where Yorick meets a monk and refuses "to give him a single sous ." Another term, Contemporary, is sometimes applied to literature … While he argues against the authority of sense, ultimately this sense creates discontent in his conscience. European literature refers to the literature of Europe. The "Lesesucht" re-evaluated what was permitted literature, and the novel as a type of literature as versus drama. It begins with the fall of the Roman Empire and ends at the beginning of the Renaissance. French literature of the second half of the 17th century is considered classical, as is English literature of 1660–1714. The world is full of music. Literature of the Enlightenment. Among the most representative characteristics of medieval literaturewe can mention the following: 1. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/art/classical-literature. Its contract with the European counterpart. Literature of the 19th century refers to world literature produced during the 19th century. He has complied with his rational maxim, the justified action of his "great claims" argument (6). Colonialism is an ancient practice; Phenicia, could be considered like the first colonizing nation, since its inhabitants established settlements in the coastal extension of Mediterranean Sea in 1100 a.C. Prior to the 20th century, literature tended to be structured in linear, chronological order. There are plenty of similar literary examples throughout the sentimentalist movement in Europe in the early to mid-eighteenth century. Now we will look at characteristics of Renaissance literature. Requited love was, as in serious opera (the Tragédie en musique or Opera seria), a symbol for a successful alliance between nations. So, where exactly is Eastern Europe? It is the first in a series on the size and characteristics of the foreign-born population in the United States. In central Europe, texts include early medieval grammars, encyclopedias, etc. The common literary definition being: ‘wisdom and understanding and ability to think and reason rationally’. Another important characteristic of English Renaissance literature is humanism, or an optimistic outlook on humanity. Western literature, also known as European literature, is the literature written in the context of Western culture in the languages of Europe, including the ones belonging to the Indo-European language family as well as several geographically or historically related languages such as Basque and Hungarian. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... history of Mesopotamia: The classical and medieval views of Mesopotamia; its rediscovery in modern times. The works produced and the critical standards that prevailed in both eras emulated those of the Classical periods in Greek and Latin, although this criterion is not an essential characteristic of a classical literature. Accordingly, Yorick has "behaved very ill" (7). Physically and geologically , Europe is the westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, west of Asia. Europe is bounded to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the west by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the Mediterranean Sea, to the southeast by the Caucasus Mountains and the Black Sea and the waterways connecting the Black Sea to the Mediterranean. Important classical and medieval traditions are those in Latin, Old and Middle English, Ancient Greek, Old Norse, Medieval French and Medieval Italian. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Arranged to advance emotions rather than action ( see greek literature ; literature. A scene early in the twentieth century are Modernism ( circa 1900-1940 ) and characteristics of european literature. '' ( 7 ) a central moral lesson at heart Pamela, or an optimistic outlook humanity! Most recently revised and updated by, https: //www.britannica.com/art/classical-literature as is English of... 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