, A European style of architecture and decoration which developed in the 17th cent. Though stylistically complex, even contradictory, the qualities frequently associated with the Baroque are grandeur, sensuous richness, drama, vitality, movement, tension, and emotional exuberance. Baroque features such as antinomy, a tragic narrative tone, and a break with traditional genres are found in Avvakum’s Autobiography. the connotations of, Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, Baroda Medical College Alumni Association. Its leading genres were tragedy—with an abundance of horrors, bloody scenes, and outbursts of passion—and satire (not devoid of literary quality). Baroque prose is often amorphous and full of heavy erudition and didacticism. Opera Comique. Various manifestations of intellectual ferment connected with social Utopian movements and hopes also influenced forms of Baroque literature (J. Böhme, Q. Kuhl-mann, J. Amos Comenius). [ (buh- rohk) ] A period in the arts, visual and musical, from about 1600 to about 1750, marked by elaborate ornamentation and efforts to create dramatic effects. Alliances came and went as princely families inter-married thus uniting, for a time anyway, their respective territories. Define Barocco. A French tradition of elegant and highly decorated harpsichord music found its culmination in the works of François Couperin, whose first book of Ordres (Suites) was published in 1713. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. In architecture the period is exemplified by the palace of Versailles and by the work of Bernini in Italy. Baroque comes from the Portuguese word barocco, meaning “irregular pearl.”. Baroque music was dramatic, and the opera started during this time. In baroque art, man is no longer the center of the universe. Baroque art was influenced by antifeudal peasant and plebeian movements and bourgeois revolutions, which brought a spirit of rebellious democratic aspirations into baroque art. The concept of the baroque style is often applied to the entire artistic culture of the 17th century, including phenomena which are far from baroque in content and in style (for example, the Naryshkin baroque or the Moscow baroque in Russian architecture at the end of the 17th century). Painters and sculptors built and expanded on the naturalistic tradition reestablished during the Renaissance. Baroque art and architecture - Baroque art and architecture - Architecture, painting, and sculpture: The arts present an unusual diversity in the Baroque period, chiefly because currents of naturalism and classicism coexisted and intermingled with the typical Baroque style. The Baroque Composers’ Portrait Gallery (Entry 1 of 2) 1 art : of, relating to, or having the characteristics of a style of artistic expression prevalent especially in the 17th century that is marked generally by use of complex forms, bold ornamentation, and the juxtaposition of contrasting elements often conveying a sense of drama, movement, and tension a baroque cathedral baroque music and literature the baroque period. Was vocal music important. Baroque art and architecture, the visual arts and construction in Western art that roughly coincide with the 17th century. Baroque palaces and churches assume a picturesque, dynamic quality and almost seem to flow into the surrounding space because of the luxurious, fanciful plasticity of the facades, the restless play of chiaroscuro, the coalescence of seemingly liquid forms, and complex, curved planes and outlines. Music became homophonic, meaning a melody would be supported by a harmony. Blunt, Art and Architecture in France, 1500–1700 (1953); J. W. P. Bourke, Baroque Churches of Central Europe (1962); E. Hempel, Baroque Art and Architecture in Central Europe (1965); H. Busch and B. Lohse, ed., Baroque Sculpture (tr. The baroque style reflected the crisis of feudalism during a period of initial accumulation of capital and colonial expansion, as well as the growing contradictions in religious and social consciousness. According to the views of Soviet musicologists, the work of the major composers of this period—Handel and Bach—is not confined to any one style. Yet it is always lively and tuneful. Soviet experts deny that an integral Baroque period of music can be isolated. It seems fitting that for a style known for instability and mutation no secure etymology has been determined. Once freed from medieval religious chains, the fine arts turned to secular social themes and the image of active man (the sculpture of B. K. Rastrelli and others). The rhetorical rationalism of the Baroque period facilitated the expression of ideas by the early Enlightenment. A feeling of instability and anxiety produced by wars and social upheavals led to the theme of the falsity and vanity of existence (vanitas), which was taken up by the Counter-Reformation. ... the historic period from about 1600 until 1750 when the baroque style of art, architecture, and music flourished in Europe. Definition of barocco in the dictionary. music See full entry Word Origin mid 18th cent. Baroque music (UK: / b ə ˈ r ɒ k / or US: / b ə ˈ r oʊ k /) is a period or style of Western art music composed from approximately 1600 to 1750. The term Renaissance, meaning “rebirth,” refers to the rediscovery of artistic and architectural principles of ancient Greece and Rome, which began in Italy in the 1400s. In a broader sense, the baroque is regarded as a general style, historically natural in European literary development. The English word baroque music is derived from the Italian barocco, meaning bizarre.The usage of this term originated in the 1860s to describe the highly decorated style of 17th and 18th century religious and public buildings in Italy, Germany and Austria. That is why so many princely titles of those days were hyphenated, as for example, Anhalt-Köthen or Saxe-Coburg. Definition of Baroque in the dictionary. Tel: 440-641-1283 What is Baroque Music? Baroque music expresses order, the fundamental order of the universe. Said Wherever its origins truly lie, one can safely say thatbarocco (Italian and Spanish),Barock(German), and baroque (French and English) are linguistic mutations and semantic grotesques, much like the style they describe. Love words? In Russia, as in other countries, the Baroque period marked the rise of the decorative arts, which were closely related to architecture. 1 Relating to or denoting a style of European architecture, music, and art of the 17th and 18th centuries that followed Mannerism and is characterized by ornate detail. In the 1920’s a number of heavily subjective interpretations of the baroque style were advanced by expressionists and by representatives of the spiritual historical school. The subsequent secularization of themes and motifs and the change in the system of versification altered and obscured the relationship of the new Russian poetry to baroque poetry. (style) a. Baroque. Believe it or not, a lot of the art that happened in the 'baroque' period (mid 16th century to mid 18th century) was considered bizarre. The usage of this term originated in the 1860s to describe the highly decorat Westlake, OH 44145. The baroque style became firmly established at a time of intensive formation of nations and national governments (mainly absolute monarchies), growth of the manufacturing industry, and, at the same time, strengthening of the feudal Catholic reaction. In Flanders the new world view produced by revolution in the Netherlands brought powerful, new, life-affirming, realistic—and, at times, popular—principles into established baroque art (the painting of P. P. Rubens, A. van Dyck, and J. Jordaens). 4. It is characterized by interpenetration of oval spaces, curved surfaces, and conspicuous use of decoration, sculpture, and color. It seems fitting that for a style known for instability and mutation no secure etymology has been determined. Derived from the Portuguese "barocco" for "irregular pearl," Baroque was comprised of many diversions from Biblically based Renaissance painting.Girl With A Pearl Earring by Tracy Chevalier: Questions Today it is used loosely to refer to the distribution of light and dark in painting...... Click the link for more information. This era followed the Renaissance music era, and was followed in turn by the Classical era, with the galant style marking the transition between Baroque and Classical eras. Music became homophonic, meaning a melody would be supported by a harmony. Baroque definition: Baroque architecture and art is an elaborate style of architecture and art that was... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Love words? Baroque was more applying to art than to music during this time. La suite era una forma musical muy popular durante el Barroco. monody. In the formal interiors, architecture blends with multicolored sculpture, molding, and carving; mirrors and murals widen space illusorily, and ceiling frescoes create the illusion of gaping arches. Caravaggio and his early followers were especially significant for their naturalistic treatment of unidealized, ordinary people. The courts 3. You must — there are over 200,000 words in our free online dictionary, but you are looking for one that’s only in the Merriam-Webster Unabridged Dictionary.. Start your free trial today and get unlimited access to America's largest dictionary, with: . The acceptance of the baroque style by romanticism and by the latest modernist tendencies is noteworthy. The baroque style of music makes a distinction between the striving for a profound representation of the inner world of man, for dramatism, and for a synthesis of the arts (opera, the oratorio, the cantata, and passions) and the striving for freedom from language (the development of instrumental genres). In foreign musicology the term “baroque” has been used since the early 20th century. Major composers include Vivaldi, Bach, and Handel; Caravaggio and Rubens are important baroque artists.