It is important to realize what is meant by the “self” rejected by the Buddha as illusory. Since it is the self-as-knower that labels and classifies the characteristics of the self-as-object, it stands for a homunculus whose own inner self cannot be reached without infinite regression into absurdity. No owner, no one to be old, to be young, to be good or bad, weak or strong. In short, to this false view can be traced all the evil in the world.”. Eastern philosophy takes more of a spiritual approach while Western philosophy is more hands-on. Avoiding the void: The lack of self in psychotherapy and Buddhism. It is important to realize what is meant by the “self” rejected by the Buddha as illusory. This will be done by highlighting and compering central ideas inherent in each perspective. In this sutra, the universe is likened to an infinite net, stretching out in all directions, in which at every intersection of two strands is found a precious jewel. Each skandha is in turn a transient pattern formed by the interaction of the other four. If the individual is likened to a wave in the ocean, then the alayavijnana is the unconsciousness (or subconsciousness) of the ocean, providing the continuity of the karmic process. THE WESTERN CONCEPT OF THE SEI,F 5 when she writes, "As an American researcher, I had been taught to act: independence, mastery, competence, were deemed key vir-tues." But when she interacted with native Japanese, she states, "I felt keenly the deconstruction of the self into various constituents at war with one another" (Kondo 1986:78). When crossing the street, it is not enough to contemplate an approaching car and to realize that we are one with it. Similarities and differences in society. Alan Watts, the late British philosopher, proposed that there were two great myths of the self—myth here not used in the sense of something false, but rather as a way of interpreting oneself and one’s reality. Daniel N. Berkow. Successively taking away the windshield, a door, a piston, a bolt, the radiator cap, and continuing until the last piece of metal, plastic, glass, or rubber has been removed, one would never find the part which, if removed, transforms what remains into a non-car. Such part, if found, would have represented the essence or the “soul” of the car, and yet it was nowhere to be found. In the words of the Zen Master Sekito Kisen (700-790), a sage has no self, yet there is nothing that is not himself (Mosig, 1998). Furthermore, Western Ethics places more emphasis on law and justice, whereas Eastern Ethics states that one must do what is right and expected and the universe will take care of the rest. You can edit this template and create your own diagram.Creately diagrams can be exported and added to Word, PPT (powerpoint), Excel, Visio or any other document. For discussions you are welcome to join the. London: Hogarth Press. Consider a wave in the ocean. Vasubandhu understood that every single object differentiated by the mind out of its global and holistic experience is created by this process, including the concept of the individual self, the “I” or “me.” Reifications are little more than delusions, and refer to momentary states remembered from the past experience of the person (whose concept of himself or herself as a separate individual is itself a reification). The fifth skandha includes eight consciousnesses, one of which results in the experience of the ego or self as homunculus, which Buddhist psychology rejects as delusion. New York: Holt, Rinehart, & Winston. Is it real? Despite their differences an integration of Western and Eastern approaches may be possible or even necessary. Whereas in the West the self is understood primarily as an autonomous ego whose existence is distinct from that of others, in the East, it is often argued there is no meaning of self that is independent of our relations to others. While these aggregates are together, the functioning gestalt we call a person exists; if they are removed, the gestalt ceases to be. Wisdom and compassion are dependently arisen, they “inter-are.” In the final analysis, wisdom is compassion, and compassion is wisdom (Mosig, 1989). In a Platonic tradition, concepts were seen to entail universals, applying always and for ever. In Western thought, people tend to answer affirmatively and think of the self as an entity separate from others. Alfred Adler (1927) proposed the notion of a “creative self” which interpreted both the innate abilities and the experiential components of the individual, developing a style of life to compensate for perceived inferiorities and achieve a degree of personal competence and superiority under the influence of an innate “social interest” or Gemeinschaftsgefuehl. It is to “thing” an event or a phenomenon, to transform an ongoing, fluid process, into a frozen and static spatial or temporal cross-section of the same, endowing such construction with the qualities of reality and separateness. In Eastern philosophy, though, the self is often treated as an illusion. Not only are human beings declared to lack a soul or self, but so is everything else: rivers, mountains, this paper, and your pencil, all lack a separate self.     The concept of the self in Western psychology derives primarily from the work of Freud, Jung, and Rogers. He was a founder of the school known as the Vijnanavada (“path of knowledge”) or Yogacara (“application of yoga”), and the author of one of the most important books of Buddhist psychology, the Abhidharmakosa. ), The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud (Vol. ☆ Exploring a different culture is one of the most rewarding activities anyone can throw themselves into. 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