This is similar to the DATE_ADD() function. the different date and time functions all in one place along with examples to make CURRENT_DATE and CURRENT_DATE() are synonyms for CURDATE(). DATE is the oracle datatype that we are all familiar with when we think about representing date and time values. It is not intended for use with values that precede the advent of the Gregorian calendar (1582). This format is fixed and it is not possible to change it. BigQuery supports the following DATETIME functions.. All outputs are automatically formatted as per ISO 8601, separating date and time with aT.. CURRENT_DATETIME CURRENT_DATETIME([timezone]) Description. The calculation and organization should be done within the query. In this example, we are going to use the Sql Server Conversion Functions to format the date. Returns the weekday index for date (1 = Sunday, 2 = Monday, ., 7 = Saturday). ADDTIME() adds expr2 to expr1 and returns the result. The expr1 is a time … This is the inverse of the DATE_FORMAT() function. For example, you may prefer to use mm-dd-yyyy format but you can’t. The given list is based on MySQL RDBMS. Since this is the case, you can use the CAST function to remove the time from the Datetime. The DATE data type stores the year (which includes the century), the month, the day, the hours, the minutes, and the seconds. datetime2(7), SELECT CURRENT_TIMESTAMP AS 'DateAndTime'; -- note: no parentheses. SQL | Date functions Last Updated: 01-09-2020 In SQL, dates are complicated for newbies, since while working with database, the format of the date in table must be matched with the input date in order to insert. If the format is given, the result is formatted according to the format string, which is used in the same way as is listed in the entry for the DATE_FORMAT() function. Note that Oracle’s CURRENT_DATE returns both date and time values, therefore, to get the date data, you use the TRUNC function to truncate the time part: Some names and products listed are the registered trademarks of their respective owners. These functions perform date arithmetic. Day of the month with English suffix (0th, 1st, 2nd, 3rd, . The unix_timestamp argument is an internal timestamp values, which are produced by the UNIX_TIMESTAMP() function. Extracts the date part of a date or datetime expression, Returns the weekday index of the argument, Returns the last day of the month for the argument, Creates a date from the year and day of year, Returns the number of months between periods, When invoked with three arguments a synonym for DATE_SUB(), Returns the time at which the function executes, Returns the argument converted to seconds, Extracts the time portion of the expression passed, With a single argument this function returns the date or datetime expression. Returns the microseconds from the time or datetime expression (expr) as a number in the range from 0 to 999999. between specified dates as an int, DATEDIFF_BIG - returns the number of date or time datepart boundaries crossed With a single argument, this function returns the date or datetime expression expr as a datetime value. SQL Server. Returns the calendar week of the date as a number in the range from 1 to 53. running on as UTC, DATENAME – returns a string corresponding to the datepart specified, DATEPART – returns an integer corresponding to the datepart specified, DAY – returns an integer corresponding to the day specified, MONTH– returns an integer corresponding to the month specified, YEAR– returns an integer corresponding to the year specified, DATEFROMPARTS – returns a date from the date specified, DATETIME2FROMPARTS – returns a datetime2 from part specified, DATETIMEFROMPARTS – returns a datetime from part specified, DATETIMEOFFSETFROMPARTS - returns a datetimeoffset from part specified, SMALLDATETIMEFROMPARTS - returns a smalldatetime from part specified, TIMEFROMPARTS - returns a time from part specified, DATEDIFF - returns the number of date or time datepart boundaries crossed There are 4 main ways to store date values in a PostgreSQL database: We’ll go over more about each of these. If you want to find a particular date from a database, you can use this statement. In various scenarios instead of date, datetime (time is also involved with date) is used. SQL Server has several different date and time functions and trying to remember The STR_TO_DATE() function returns a DATETIME value if the format string contains both date and time parts. Returns the day of the year for date, in the range 1 to 366. SQL Query for Listing all Views. Copyright (c) 2006-2020 Edgewood Solutions, LLC All rights reserved For example, DAY and SQL_TSI_DAY both are legal. datetimeoffset(7), SELECT SYSUTCDATETIME() AS 'DateAndTimeInUtc'; -- returns For example, the following statement returns the current month in SQL Server: Returns the current UTC date and time as a value in 'YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS' or in a YYYYMMDDHHMMSS format, depending on whether the function is used in a string or in a numeric context. The '%' character is required before the format specifier characters. Here is the SQL for this SELECT * FROM `dt_tb` WHERE dt BETWEEN '2005-01-01' AND '2005-12-31' Date Format to use in query You have seen we have used 'Y-m-d' date format in our query. If UNIX_TIMESTAMP() is called with a date argument, it returns the value of the argument as seconds since '1970-01-01 00:00:00' UTC. Extracts the time part of the time or datetime expression expr and returns it as a string. The EXTRACT() function is a SQL standard function supported by MySQL, Oracle, and PostgreSQL. Returns a time value calculated from the hour, minute and second arguments. The INTERVAL keyword and the unit specifier are not case sensitive. By: Joe Gavin | Updated: 2019-03-25 | Comments (3) | Related: More > Dates. on, GETUTCDATE() - returns the date and time of the machine the SQL Server is These periods P1 and P2 should be in the format YYMM or YYYYMM. regarding datetime functions and formatting: Can someone please advise, I have a column called [HOUR] in time(7) data type looking like '12:30:00.0000000', what sql function can I use to format the whole column without changing the data type, I tried a few but I'm not winning. to common SQL Server date and time functions. SELECT * … Here is the SQL to do that. Returns the number of months between periods P1 and P2. The expr is a string; it may start with a '-' for negative intervals. However, the range of TIME values actually is much larger, so HOUR can return values greater than 23. Returns the day of the month for date, in the range 0 to 31. I think you’ll find this tip handy. Date and Time Conversions Using SQL Server, SQL Server Date Time Calculation Examples, New Date and Time Functions in SQL Server, SQL Servers Lag and Lead Functions to Help Identify Date Differences, Restore SQL Server Databases using DateTime functions, Format SQL Server Dates with FORMAT Function, https://stackoverflow.com/questions/74385/how-to-convert-datetime-to-varchar, https://stackoverflow.com/questions/113045/how-to-return-only-the-date-from-a-sql-server-datetime-datatype, https://www.red-gate.com/simple-talk/sql/learn-sql-server/robyn-pages-sql-server-datetime-workbench/, https://dba.stackexchange.com/questions/210683/what-is-the-current-date-or-current-date-value-function-for-sql-server, https://stackoverflow.com/questions/1114307/extracting-hours-from-a-datetime-sql-server-2005, https://www.red-gate.com/simple-talk/sql/t-sql-programming/how-to-get-sql-server-dates-and-times-horribly-wrong/, https://blog.sqlauthority.com/2009/08/06/sql-server-get-time-in-hourminute-format-from-a-datetime-get-date-part-only-from-datetime/, Add and Subtract Dates using DATEADD in SQL Server, Creating a date dimension or calendar table in SQL Server, SELECT SYSDATETIME() AS 'DateAndTime'; -- return datetime2(7), SELECT SYSDATETIMEOFFSET() AS 'DateAndTime+Offset'; -- The unit for the result is given by the unit argument. The value is expressed in the current time zone. Note − The week number is different from what the WEEK() function would return (0) for optional arguments 0 or 1, as WEEK() then returns the week in the context of the given year. Takes a date or datetime value and returns the corresponding value for the last day of the month. In the first example of using BETWEEN operator, I am using employees table that stores joining date of employees along with other basic data. For example: let's see the query to get all the records after '2013-12-12'. between specified dates as a bigint, DATEADD - returns datepart with added interval as a datetime, EOMONTH – returns last day of month of offset as type of start_date, SWITCHOFFSET - returns date and time offset and time zone offset, TODATETIMEOFFSET - returns date and time with time zone offset, ISDATE – returns int - Returns 1 if a valid datetime type and 0 if How to Query Date and Time in SQL Server in SQL Server Get the date and time right now (where SQL Server is running): select current_timestamp ; -- date and time, standard ANSI SQL so compatible across DBs select getdate (); -- date and time, specific to SQL Server select getutcdate (); -- returns UTC timestamp select sysdatetime(); -- returns 7 digits of precision SQL SELECT DATE. The two-argument form of WEEK() allows you to specify whether the week starts on a Sunday or a Monday and whether the return value should be in the range from 0 to 53 or from 1 to 53. The BETWEEN operator is inclusive: begin and end values are included. This SQL query lists all the views available in the schema. date. Adds N months to a period P (in the format YYMM or YYYYMM). Returns the full name of the month for a date. Summary: in this tutorial, you will learn how to convert a datetime to a DATE by using the CONVERT(), TRY_CONVERT(), and CAST() functions.. To convert a datetime to a date, you can use the CONVERT(), TRY_CONVERT(), or CAST() function.. every function is not that easy. Returns a date, given year and day-of-year values. Note that the period argument P is not a date value. LOCALTIMESTAMP and LOCALTIMESTAMP() are synonyms for NOW(). With two arguments, the sum of the arguments, Adds an interval to a datetime expression, Subtracts an interval from a datetime expression, Returns the date argument converted to days, Returns the calendar week of the date (1-53). Returns the minute for time, in the range 0 to 59. We can have values such as year, quarter, month, day, week, hour, minute etc. The year in the result may be different from the year in the date argument for the first and the last week of the year. Note that the period arguments P1 and P2 are not date values. DATEDIFF() returns expr1 . This issue is solved with the TIMESTAMP datatype For example set the NLS_DATE_FORMAT to the following format. Returns the current UTC date as a value in 'YYYY-MM-DD' or YYYYMMDD format, depending on whether the function is used in a string or numeric context. DATE_DIFF with the date part ISOYEAR returns 2 because the second date belongs to the ISO year 2015. SELECT DATEADD(DAY,1,GETDATE()) AS 'DatePlus1'; SELECT EOMONTH(GETDATE(),1) AS 'LastDayOfNextMonth'; SELECT SWITCHOFFSET(GETDATE(), -6) AS 'NowMinus6'; SELECT TODATETIMEOFFSET(GETDATE(), -2) AS 'Offset'; Date and Time Difference Values functions, SYSDATETIME – returns the date and time of the machine the SQL Server ), Time, 12-hour (hh:mm:ss followed by AM or PM), Week (00..53), where Sunday is the first day of the week, Week (00..53), where Monday is the first day of the week, Week (01..53), where Sunday is the first day of the week; used with %X, Week (01..53), where Monday is the first day of the week; used with %x, Year for the week where Sunday is the first day of the week, numeric, four digits; used with %V, Year for the week, where Monday is the first day of the week, numeric, four digits; used with %v. This command formats the date value as per the format string. SQL Server High Precision Date and Time Functions have a scale of 7 and are: SQL Server Lesser Precision Data and Time Functions have a scale of 3 and Now let us move to select a range of records between two dates. The values QUARTER and WEEK are available from the MySQL 5.0.0. version. date may be a DATE string, a DATETIME string, a TIMESTAMP, or a number in the format YYMMDD or YYYYMMDD. The CURRENT_DATE is SQL-standard date function supported by almost all database systems such as Firebird, DB2, MySQL 5.x+, MonetDB, Oracle 11.x+, PostgreSQL, and SQLite.. Both expr1 and expr2 are date or date-and-time expressions. The range of the return value is 0 to 23 for time-of-day values. The value is expressed in the current time zone. To see the current system date and time give the following query. The date is a DATETIME or DATE value specifying the starting date. The SQL BETWEEN Operator The BETWEEN operator selects values within a given range. We can use the SQL DATEADD function to do this task. For some data sources like SQL Server then Performance Analyzer will give you the SQL queries generated. finding what you are looking for much easier. To find rows between two dates or timestamps: SELECT*FROMeventswhereevent_date between'2018-01-01'and'2018-01-31';-- Can include time by … If you’ve ever tried to filter on a date column in the Query function in Google Sheets, then you know how tricky it can be.. If the time value contains an hour part that is greater than 23, the %H and %k hour format specifiers produce a value larger than the usual range of 0 to 23. Returns the time argument converted to seconds. This converts a datetime value dt from the time zone given by from_tz to the time zone given by to_tz and returns the resulting value. This provides the current date and time according to the server providing the date and time. In a nutshell, the problem occurs because dates in Google Sheets are actually stored as serial numbers, but the Query function requires a date as a string literal in the format yyyy-mm-dd, otherwise it can’t perform the comparison filter. MySQL uses yyyy-mm-dd format for storing a date value. The values can be numbers, text, or dates. expr2 expressed as a value in the same format as expr1. The expr is an expression specifying the interval value to be added or subtracted from the starting date. While doing SQL development and programming, we often come across requirement to extract date part alone form columns having date and time.Here I’ve listed few of the most common and efficient ways to get the date part alone from DateTime and DateTime2 data types. CURRENT_TIME and CURRENT_TIME() are synonyms for CURTIME(). This value is expressed in the current time zone. is running on as UTC, CURRENT_TIMESTAMP - returns the date and time of the machine the SQL Server These index values correspond to the ODBC standard. Returns the weekday index for date (0 = Monday, 1 = Tuesday, . We can use the SQL DATEADD function to add a particular period to our date. SQL SELECT DATE is used to retrieve a date from a database. This function returns NULL if the arguments are invalid. Returns the quarter of the year for date, in the range 1 to 4. Here is our SQL query: SELECT first_name, last_name FROM people_massachusetts WHERE hair_color = "red" AND birth_date BETWEEN '2003-01-01' AND '2003-12-31' ORDER BY. The mode argument works exactly like the mode argument to the WEEK() function. If the mode argument is omitted, the value of the default_week_format system variable is used. Returns a value in the format YYYYMM. SQL Server 2019 (15.x) derives the date and time values through use of the GetSystemTimeAsFileTime () Windows API. When invoked with the INTERVAL form of the second argument, SUBDATE() is a synonym for DATE_SUB(). Returns NULL if the argument is invalid. The syntax for SQL DATEADD function is as following Interval: We can specify an interval that needs to be added in the specified date. The format in which the date is displayed depends on NLS_DATE_FORMAT parameter. Returns the name of the weekday for date. BigQuery. WEEKOFYEAR() is a compatibility function that is equivalent to WEEK(date,3). Nexus (and FF) SQL want the date in yyyy-mm-dd format with a compulsary Date keyword. In SQL Server, there are several ways to return the date from DateTime datatype. The EXTRACT() function uses the same kinds of unit specifiers as DATE_ADD() or DATE_SUB(), but extracts parts from the date rather than performing date arithmetic. This function is used like the DATE_FORMAT() function, but the format string may contain format specifiers only for hours, minutes and seconds. SQL Server High Precision Date and Time Functions have a scale of 7 and are: SYSDATETIME – returns the date and time of the machine the SQL Server is running on SYSDATETIMEOFFSET – returns the date and time of the machine the … DATE_DIFF with the date part YEAR returns 3 because it counts the number of Gregorian calendar year boundaries between the two dates. MySQL DATE is one of the five temporal data types used for managing date values. is running on, GETDATE() - returns the date and time of the machine the SQL Server is running expr2 expressed as a time value. Returns the current date and time as a value in 'YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS' or YYYYMMDDHHMMSS format, depending on whether the function is used in a string or numeric context. versions earlier than SQL 2016, but some may not. This function returns the week number for date. If you use SQL Server, you can use the MONTH() or DATEPART() function to extract the month from a date. The related function SUBDATE() is a synonym for DATE_SUB(). First, let’s look at the most basic way to compare dates in SQL.Suppose you have a table named “STUDENTS” with a column labeled “BIRTHDAY” and you want to find all students born after Similarly for Time you need to use TIME'hh:mm:ss' for and Timestamp/Datetime you need to use TIMESTAMP'yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm:ss' formats. are: As this was written to be a quick reference, the following links have more information The expr1 value is a time or a datetime expression, while the expr2 value is a time expression. For information on the INTERVAL unit argument, see the discussion for DATE_ADD(). Returns a representation of the unix_timestamp argument as a value in 'YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS or YYYYMMDDHHMMSS format, depending on whether the function is used in a string or in a numeric context. And the Conversation functions are PARSE, TRY_PARSE, CONVERT, and TRY_CONVERT. This statement uses the CONVERT() function to convert a datetime to a date: Some of these I did not know about, ie the UTC functions. Server is running on plus the offset from UTC, SYSUTCDATETIME - returns the date and time of the machine the SQL Server We learned how to modify the data type in a table, how to use the CAST, CONVERT and FORMAT functions. Returns the current database system timestamp as a datetime value without the database time zone offset. LOCALTIME and LOCALTIME() are synonyms for NOW(). The following table shows the expected form of the expr argument for each unit value. It was put together as a quick reference SQL Server DATE examples A) Query data from a table based on DATE values. select sysdate from dual; SYSDATE-----8-AUG-03. Field Name Valid Datetime Values Valid Interval Values; YEAR-4712 to 9999 (excluding year 0) Any nonzero integer: MONTH: 01 to 12: 0 to 11: DAY: 01 to 31 (limited by the values of MONTH and YEAR, according to the rules of the calendar for the locale) So, I put together a document that shows Note: The following link contains FAQ about functions and dates in SQL Server: FAQ about Dates in SQL Server Conclusions. It’s broken in the same sections When invoked with the days form of the second argument, MySQL treats it as an integer number of days to be added to expr. The following table has a list of all the important Date and Time related functions available through SQL. The TIMEDIFF() function returns expr1 . LAST_DAY. The dayofyear value must be greater than 0 or the result will be NULL. ADDTIME(expr1,expr2) ADDTIME() adds expr2 to expr1 and returns the result. CURRENT_TIMESTAMP and CURRENT_TIMESTAMP() are synonyms for NOW(). as I thought it made things simpler. Returns the current time as a value in 'HH:MM:SS' or HHMMSS format, depending on whether the function is used in a string or in a numeric context. SQL Server comes with the following data types for storing a date or a date/time value in the database: DATE - format YYYY-MM-DD; DATETIME - format: YYYY-MM-DD HH:MI:SS; SMALLDATETIME - format: YYYY-MM-DD HH:MI:SS; TIMESTAMP - format: a unique number; Note: The date types are chosen for a column when you create a new table in your database! Thanks for putting this together. Snowflake. Returns the current date as a value in 'YYYY-MM-DD' or YYYYMMDD format, depending on whether the function is used in a string or in a numeric context. Date Format using Conversion Functions. The expr1 is a time or datetime expression, while the expr2 is a time expression. is running on, SYSDATETIMEOFFSET – returns the date and time of the machine the SQL Extracts the date part of the date or datetime expression expr. 6 = Sunday). Returns the integer difference between the date or datetime expressions datetime_expr1 and datetime_expr2. We use these functions are different dates to return the date in different formats. expr2 expressed as a value in days from one date to the other. When invoked with the INTERVAL form of the second argument, ADDDATE() is a synonym for DATE_ADD(). See Timezone definitions for information on how to specify a time zone. Convert datetime to date using the CONVERT() function. Note − Use FROM_DAYS() with caution on old dates. The DATE data type allows you to store point-in-time values that include both date and time with a precision of one second. The following specifiers may be used in the format string. In this article, we learned how to do a SQL convert date in SQL Server. as the Microsoft documentation: The SQL was tested on SQL Server 2016 and GETDATE() is used wherever possible Given a date, returns a day number (the number of days since year 0). A unit is a keyword indicating the units in which the expression should be interpreted. Returns the current date and time as a value in 'YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS' or YYYYMMDDHHMMSS format, depending on whether the function is used in a string or in a numeric context. If called with no argument, this function returns a Unix timestamp (seconds since '1970-01-01 00:00:00' UTC) as an unsigned integer. How to Query Date and Timein MySQL. It has a range from January 1, 4712 BCE through December 31, 9999 CE (Common Era, or ‘AD’). By using the BETWEEN operator, I have provided two dates for returning the data for employees: Query: The first query fetched the complete data in the table while the second one retrieved by using the BETWEEN operator with two dates range. Returns the current time as a DATETIME object.. The other hour format specifiers produce the hour value modulo 12. One of the first considerations is the actual date/time needed. Given a day number N, returns a DATE value. Very helpful! SELECT DATENAME(YEAR, GETDATE()) AS 'Year'; SELECT DATENAME(QUARTER, GETDATE()) AS 'Quarter'; SELECT DATENAME(MONTH, GETDATE()) AS 'Month'; SELECT DATENAME(DAYOFYEAR, GETDATE()) AS 'DayOfYear'; SELECT DATENAME(DAY, GETDATE()) AS 'Day'; SELECT DATENAME(WEEK, GETDATE()) AS 'Week'; SELECT DATENAME(WEEKDAY, GETDATE()) AS 'WeekDay'; SELECT DATENAME(HOUR, GETDATE()) AS 'Hour'; SELECT DATENAME(MINUTE, GETDATE()) AS 'Minute'; SELECT DATENAME(SECOND, GETDATE()) AS 'Second'; SELECT DATENAME(MILLISECOND, GETDATE()) AS 'MilliSecond'; SELECT DATENAME(MICROSECOND, GETDATE()) AS 'MicroSecond'; SELECT DATENAME(NANOSECOND, GETDATE()) AS 'NanoSecond'; SELECT DATENAME(ISO_WEEK, GETDATE()) AS 'Week'; SELECT DATEPART(YEAR, GETDATE()) AS 'Year'; SELECT DATEPART(QUARTER, GETDATE()) AS 'Quarter'; SELECT DATEPART(MONTH, GETDATE()) AS 'Month'; SELECT DATEPART(DAYOFYEAR, GETDATE()) AS 'DayOfYear'; SELECT DATEPART(DAY, GETDATE()) AS 'Day'; SELECT DATEPART(WEEK, GETDATE()) AS 'Week'; SELECT DATEPART(WEEKDAY, GETDATE()) AS 'WeekDay'; SELECT DATEPART(HOUR, GETDATE()) AS 'Hour'; SELECT DATEPART(MINUTE, GETDATE()) AS 'Minute'; SELECT DATEPART(SECOND, GETDATE()) AS 'Second'; SELECT DATEPART(MILLISECOND, GETDATE()) AS 'MilliSecond'; SELECT DATEPART(MICROSECOND, GETDATE()) AS 'MicroSecond'; SELECT DATEPART(NANOSECOND, GETDATE()) AS 'NanoSecond'; SELECT DATEPART(ISO_WEEK, GETDATE()) AS 'Week'; SELECT DATEFROMPARTS(2019,1,1) AS 'Date'; SELECT DATETIME2FROMPARTS(2019,1,1,6,0,0,0,1) AS 'DateTime2'; SELECT DATETIMEFROMPARTS(2019,1,1,6,0,0,0) AS 'DateTime'; SELECT DATETIMEOFFSETFROMPARTS(2019,1,1,6,0,0,0,0,0,0) AS 'Offset'; SELECT SMALLDATETIMEFROMPARTS(2019,1,1,6,0) AS 'SmallDateTime'; SELECT TIMEFROMPARTS(6,0,0,0,0) AS 'Time'; SELECT DATEDIFF(DAY, 2019-31-01, 2019-01-01) AS 'DateDif', SELECT DATEDIFF_BIG(DAY, 2019-31-01, 2019-01-01) AS 'DateDifBig'. not. LAST_DAY(DATE '2016-02-01') 29-FEB-16. This value is derived from the operating system of the computer on which the instance of SQL Server is running. This API has a precision fixed at 100 nanoseconds. The most common is the current date/time using getdate (). Returns the hour for time. When you create SQL queries, you shouldn't have to export the data to Excel. The unit value may be specified using one of the keywords as shown or with a prefix of SQL_TSI_. Returns the year and the week for a date. Suppose we have a requirement to add 1 month to current date. SQL Server provides a number of options you can use to format a date/time string. The DAY() is a synonym for the DAYOFMONTH() function. Gets the last day of the month of a specified … But, if you are working in SQL Server 2008 or SQL Server 2012, they have introduced an actual Date datatype that doesn’t include the Time portion. These expr1 and expr2 values are time or date-and-time expressions, but both must be of the same type. Returns the seconds argument, converted to hours, minutes and seconds, as a value in 'HH:MM:SS' or HHMMSS format, depending on whether the function is used in a string or numeric context. The unit for interval is given by the unit argument, which should be one of the following values −. Only the date parts of the values are used in the calculation. The SUBTIME() function returns expr1 . Number: It specifies the number of the interval to add. It takes a string str and a format string format. Returns the current UTC time as a value in 'HH:MM:SS' or HHMMSS format, depending on whether the function is used in a string or numeric context. With two arguments, it adds the time expression expr2 to the date or datetime expression expr1 and returns the result as a datetime value. Else, it returns a DATE or TIME value if the string contains only date or time parts. The problem with the DATE datatype is its’ granularity when trying to determine a time interval between two events when the events happen within a second of each other. There are various other functions supported by your RDBMS. MySQL has the following functions to get the current date and time: SELECTnow(); -- date and timeSELECTcurdate(); --dateSELECTcurtime(); --time in 24-hour format. Returns the month for date, in the range 0 to 12. It has the ability to store the month, day, year, century, hours, minutes, and seconds. Note: most of these functions will work for The accuracy depends on the computer hardware and version of Windows on which the instance of SQL Server running. Common Questions about SQL convert date in SQL Server. Returns the second for time, in the range 0 to 59. You may also notice, the specified dates are inclusive. This function supports an optional timezone parameter. This function adds the integer expression interval to the date or datetime expression datetime_expr. Returns the year for date, in the range 1000 to 9999, or 0 for the .zero. For information on the INTERVAL unit argument, see the discussion for DATE_ADD(). The legal values for the unit are the same as those listed in the description of the TIMESTAMPADD() function.