New Zealand's government built "castaway depots" on islands to provide future shipwreck survivors with food, shelter, and supplies. The social and cultural gap between New Zealand’s two main groups—the indigenous Maori of Polynesian heritage and the colonizers and later immigrants from the British Isles and their descendants—has decreased since the 1970s, though educational and economic differences between the two groups remain. Economically the country was dependent on the export of agricultural products, especially to Great Britain. Despite New Zealand’s isolation, the country has been fully engaged in international affairs since the early 20th century, being an active member of a number of intergovernmental institutions, including the United Nations. 204-226. New Zealand GDP (Gross Domestic Product) was INT$172.41billion for 2019 in PPP terms. As New Zealand entered the final third of the 19th century the South Island dominated the economy, largely due to the impact of wool and gold. 1, tables 8 & 17; Ian Pool, Te iwi Maori: a New Zealand population, past, present & projected. The country has slightly less surface area than the U.S. state of Colorado and a little more than the United Kingdom. The Liberals' vision for ‘God's own country' also saw more Māori land obtained for settlement. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) One solution to the boom-bust nature of New Zealand's economy was to develop the national infrastructure. Corrections? Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. In December 1769 Captain Cook and the French explorer Jean-François-Marie de Surville unknowingly passed within a relatively short distance of each other during a storm off Cape Maria van Diemen, Northland. The Māori population was under 40,000. About two-thirds of the land is economically useful, the remainder being mountainous. Looking back, in the year of 1960, New Zealand had a population of 2.4 million people. (2018). In 1642, Various schemes were developed to attract women migrants and families to New Zealand in a bid to help society mature. From this movement grew the campaign for women's suffrage. New Zealand Population Projections. Government assisted immigration schemes also saw the settler population double during the 1870s to around 500,000. Which Country Is Larger By Population? New Zealand now gained a reputation as ‘the social laboratory of the world’. New Zealand was now able to position itself as ‘Britain's farmyard' by exporting meat, butter and cheese. In the early 21st century, Asians were the fastest-growing demographic group. The ‘Hungry Eighties' and concern over problems associated with the Old World saw the emergence of movements and people seeking social reform. In addition to women's suffrage the Liberal government introduced a number of social welfare measures to protect New Zealand's most vulnerable. Unemployment grew in urban areas. A New Zealand census was held in March 1901. I. The census scheduled for 2011 was cancelled due to the February 2011 Christchurch earthquake, and legislation was introduced to hold the next census in 2013. New Zealand's isolation was at an end. We have 7 biographies, 2 articles, 2 comments related to NZ in the 19th century. The discovery of gold in Central Otago in 1861 helped Dunedin become New Zealand's largest town. A Dutchman, Abel Tasman, was the first European to sight the country but it was the British who made New Zealand part of their empire. The New Zealand government department Statistics New Zealand conducts a census of population and dwellings every five years. This is a semi-contiguous cartogram. Dominated by the values and the ambitions of the new settlers, New Zealand now resembled a nation in the modern sense of the word. These concerns also reflected the development of a more settled urban society. It has also participated in several wars, including World Wars I and II. A recurring theme in this debate was the place of alcohol in New Zealand society. The ascent of Mount Everest by New Zealander Sir Edmund Hillary with Sherpa Tenzing Norgay in 1953 was one of the defining moments of the 20th century. Population According to the New Zealand Statistics office, the estimated number of resident population in the country is 4,403,000 as of March 31, 2011. Under the leadership of British statesman Edward G. Wakefield, the first British colonists to New Zealand arrive at Port Nicholson on Auckland Island. The discovery of gold in Central Otago in 1861 helped Dunedin become New Zealand's largest town. Results from the 2018 Census show New Zealand’s cultural make-up is becoming more diverse after high population growth in the past five years. Omissions? Home The North Island was beginning to assert itself economically, especially the cities of Auckland and Wellington. By the 1920s it controlled almost all of its internal and external policies, although it did not become fully independent until 1947, when it adopted the Statute of Westminster. NCEA history By 1890 an export-led economic recovery was taking hold. Because of its numerous harbours and fjords, the country has an extremely long coastline relative to its area. A significant demographic milestone was reached in 1886 - for the first time the majority of non-Māori people living here were New Zealand-born rather than immigrants. Greymouth (Māori: Māwhera) is the largest town in the West Coast region in the South Island of New Zealand, and the seat of the Grey District Council. Active volcanoes, spectacular caves, deep glacier lakes, verdant valleys, dazzling fjords, long sandy beaches, and the spectacular snowcapped peaks of the Southern Alps on the South Island—all contribute to New Zealand’s scenic beauty. New Zealand is about 1,000 miles (1,600 km) long (north-south) and about 280 miles (450 km) across at its widest point. Those beliefs formed the foundation of the traditional religion practiced in New Zealand. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. Not all comments posted. I just want to know what the technology they had during the 1870s, in New Zealand. The term New Zealander now had a wider application. Identify the one with the larger population. Updates? Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Te Whiti and Tohu were imprisoned and sent into exile in the South Island. The country comprises two main islands—the North and South islands—and a number of small islands, some of them hundreds of miles from the main group. The line graph shows New Zealand’s population increasing from 800,000 people in 1900 to five million people in 2020. Wind to power ships or mills. Otherwise horses dominated everything else. Niue and the Cook Islands are self-governing states in free association with New Zealand. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, The David Lange government and Labour’s changing leadership (1984–90), The James Bolger and Jennifer Shipley governments (1990–99), John Key’s first term as prime minister (2008–11), John Key’s second term as prime minister (2011–16), https://www.britannica.com/place/New-Zealand, Central Intelligence Agency - The World Factbook - New Zealand, New Zealand - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), New Zealand - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up), Explore the diverse landscapes of New Zealand. The population of the whole Grey District is 13,600, which accounts for 41% of the West Coast's inhabitants. New Zealand, Maori Aotearoa, island country in the South Pacific Ocean, the southwesternmost part of Polynesia. New Zealand - New Zealand - People: Contemporary New Zealand has a majority of people of European origin, a significant minority of Maori, and smaller numbers of people from Pacific islands and Asia. The sizing of the county polygons remains consistent across throughout the visualization, for example allowing the magnitude of San Francisco's population in 1900 to be compared to the Sacramento's 1980 population. Weste… The 1898 Old-Age Pensions Act offered a small means-tested pension to destitute older people 'deemed to be of good character'. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Most continued to see themselves as British and referred to Britain as ‘home'. One of the beliefs that made up the traditional Maori religion included the belief in whakapapa, a system through which all the objects in the world were linked since they were believed to have a common origin. Overview of NZ in the 19th century: 1800-40, Overview of NZ in the 19th century: 1840-70, Overview of NZ in the 19th century: 1870-1900. In 2020, population for New Zealand was 4.96 million persons. Alcohol, it was argued, caused men to forget their responsibilities to their families. Time-lapse video of New Zealand's varied landscapes. The 2013 census took place on Tuesday, 5 March 2013. By the 1920s it controlled almost all of its internal and external policies, although it did not become fully independent until 1947, when it adopted the Statute of Westminster. It is a member of the Commonwealth. Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. Showing the Maori Population of New Zealand according to the Results of a Census taken in March, 1901. 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