With the Data Portal, you can visualize Socio-Economic indicators over a period of time, gain access to presentation-ready graphics and perform comprehensive analysis on a Country and Regional level. Since being inaugurated in 2001, the EALA has had several sittings as a plenum in Arusha, Kampala, and Nairobi. The East African Community (EAC) is a regional intergovernmental organization of 6 partner states: the Republics of Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania, with its headquarters in Arusha, Tanzania. [15] The three member states lost over sixty years of co-operation and the benefits of economies of scale, although some Kenyan government officials celebrated the collapse with champagne.[16]. EAC guides the free movement of goods, people, labour, services and capital from one Partner State to another as well as the rights of establishment and residence without restrictions. [33], South Sudan was eventually approved for membership to the bloc in March 2016,[34] and signed a treaty of accession in April 2016. - You say you want a federation", "FACTBOX-East African common market begins", "East African trade bloc approves monetary union deal", "Ready for a United States of East Africa? [63], Mombasa has the East African Community's busiest port. Its headquarters are in Arusha, Tanzania. [30], A team was formed to assess South Sudan's bid; however, in April 2014, the nation requested a delay in the admissions process, presumably due to ongoing internal conflict. Promotion of regional peace, security and good governance. The Speaker of the Assembly is Dan Kidega from Uganda who replaced Margaret Zziwa also from Uganda, after being impeached; she had succeeded Abdirahin Haithar H. Abdi from Kenya. The DRC applied for admission to the East African Community in June 2019. [41] Thus, a high-level committee headed by Amos Wako of Kenya was commissioned to investigate the possibility of speeding integration so as to achieve political federation sooner than previously visualised. A common system of tariffs will apply to goods imported from third-party countries. It is envisaged that through harmonized standardization, trade barriers that are encountered when goods [50] The application was considered by the EAC Heads of State in December 2012, which requested that the EAC Council work with Somalia to verify their application. Had it been approved, the visa would have been valid for all three current member states of the EAC (Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda). Kinyarwanda is spoken in Rwanda and Uganda. [41] The larger economic players perceive long-term benefits in a progressively expanding regional market. The East African Airways Corporation is incorporated. The East African Community (EAC) is an intergovernmental organisation composed of six countries in the African Great Lakes region in eastern Africa: Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda. This body aimed to strengthen the ties between the members through a common market, a common customs tariff, and a range of public services to achieve balanced economic growth within the region. [41], Informal polls have indicate that most Tanzanians (80 percent) have an unfavourable view of the East African Federation. Countries of the East African Community (EAC) include Kenya, Tanzania, Burundi, Uganda, Rwanda, and South Sudan.These nations fall below par in different measures of economic activities such as GDP per capita, population below the poverty line, unemployment, and trade. The East African Community (EAC) is a regional intergovernmental organisation of 6 Partner States: the Republics of Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, the United Republic of Tanzania, and the Republic of Uganda, with its headquarters in Arusha, Tanzania. The customs union between Kenya and Uganda in 1917, which Tanganyika joined in 1927, was followed by the East African High Commission (EAHC) from 1948 to 1961, the East African Common Services Organization (EACSO) from 1961 to 1967, and the 1967 to 1977 EAC. East African Community EAC Close Afrika Mashariki Road P.O. Fast-tracking political union was first discussed in 2004 and enjoyed a consensus among the three presidents of Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda. 50 Million African Women Speak is a digital platform which is available via web and as a mobile App. There were previous bodies like the East African High Commission (EAHC) (1928-1961) and the East African Common Services Organization (EACSO) (1961-1967). The multinational firms with their regional headquarters in Nairobi include Google, Coca-Cola, and Toyota. [7] Kenyan businesses complain that the benefits of the Common Market only exist on paper by 2011, and that all the work remains to be done. The EAC contains 5 cities with populations of over one million, the largest being Dar es Salaam. The capital of the EAC is Arusha, while the most populous city is Dar es Salaam, both of which are in Tanzania. Numerous local languages are also spoken: for example, there are 56 local languages spoken in Uganda[74] and 42 local languages in Kenya. The Protocol for the establishment of the. The EAC was revived on 30 November 1999, when the treaty for its re-establishment was signed. Reuters considers South Sudan the likeliest candidate for EAC expansion in the short term,[23] and an article in Tanzanian daily The Citizen that reported East African Legislative Assembly Speaker Abdirahin Haithar Abdi said South Sudan was "free to join the EAC" asserted that analysts believe the country will soon become a full member of the regional body. Kampala is the largest urban centre located on Lake Victoria, the second largest freshwater lake in the world and Mwanza coming in second and Kisumu third. [29] In May 2013 the EAC set aside US$82,000 for the admission of South Sudan into the bloc even though admission may not happen until 2016. Kenya exports financial services, for example via the Kenya Commercial Bank and purchase and upgrading of local operators in Tanzania, Uganda and Sudan. The East African Community (EAC) is a regional organisation established by the governments of Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda to spearhead the East African economic, social and political integration agenda. ", "Kenya Fights Off Port Competition With $13 Billion Plan: Freight", "Logistics: China Builds The Biggest Port In Africa", "Live Trading commences at Nairobi Stock Exchange", "Single East African visa for tourists coming in November", "East Africa geared for single tourist entry visa program", "In 2014: a single East African visa for seamless traveling", https://www.knbs.or.ke/?wpdmpro=2019-kenya-population-and-housing-census-volume-i-population-by-county-and-sub-county, "Ministers Sign Memorandum of Understanding", German and East African Community Cooperation, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN / SAD), Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS / EEAC), Southern African Development Community (SADC), Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), West African Economic and Monetary Union (UEMOA), Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa (CEMAC), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=East_African_Community&oldid=991401292, International organizations based in Africa, Regional Economic Communities of the African Union, Articles containing Swahili (macrolanguage)-language text, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or type parameters, Articles needing additional references from March 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Articles with obsolete information from February 2016, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles needing additional references from March 2017, Articles needing additional references from April 2016, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. At the 14th Ordinary Summit held in Nairobi in 2012, EAC heads of state approved the verification report that was presented by the Council of Ministers, then directed it to start the negotiation process with South Sudan. [43] Tanzania has more land than all the other EAC nations combined (at least until the accession of South Sudan), and some Tanzanians fear landgrabs by the current residents of the other EAC member nations.[44][45][46]. The East African Currency Board provided a common currency from 1919 to 1966. Infrastructure development in the region. AT 1 – No. East African integration: How can it contribute to East African development? [41], On 1 July 2010, Kenyan President Mwai Kibaki launched the East African Common Market Protocol, an expansion of the bloc's existing customs union that entered into effect in 2005. Description. [54] Sudan's application was rejected by the EAC in December 2011. [12], Inter-territorial co-operation between the Kenya Colony, the Uganda Protectorate, and the Tanganyika Territory was formalised in 1948 by the EAHC. [8] This legislation may take up to five years for each of the countries to enact fully but official recognition of the common market took place on 1 July. Paul Kagame, the president of Rwanda, is the EAC's chairman. [41] Free movement of labour may be perceived as highly desirable in Uganda and Kenya, and have important developmental benefits in Tanzania; however, in Tanzania there is widespread resistance to the idea of ceding land rights to foreigners, including citizens of Kenya and Uganda. [41] However, the introduction of one-stop border posts being introduced and the reduction in tariff barriers are coming down progressively. [31][32], South Sudan's Minister of Foreign Affairs, Barnaba Marial Benjamin, claimed publicly in October 2015 that, following evaluations and meetings of a special technical committee in May, June, August, September and October, the committee has recommended that South Sudan be allowed to join the East African Community. Effective and sustainable use of natural resources with enhanced value addition and management. The EAC is an integral part of the African Economic Community. It has been argued, however, that the commonalities go far deeper. The EAC is home to over 150 million citizens and with a land area of 1.82 million square kilometres and a combined Gross Domestic Product This is their official website. [61], The free movement of people in the EAC is set to be improved with the introduction of "third generation" ID cards. [41] Yet, there have been concerns that rapid changes would allow popular reactionary politics against the project. [41], There remain significant political differences between the states. Negotiations in 2014 for an EU-EAC Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) ran into difficulties with the January 2014 negotiating session failing to conclude the negotiations, which were scheduled to be completed before 1 October 2014. Development of the East African Standards has been necessitated by the need for harmonizing requirements governing quality of products and services in the East African Community. The EAC is a potential precursor to the establishment of the East African Federation, a proposed federation of its members into a single sovereign state. Only East African nationals may apply to be issued with the passports. across Africa, connecting also to Europe and India. Although the passport is only valid within the EAC, modalities of internationalising the East African passport were being discussed with the aim towards having a common travel document for EAC residents by 2006. The passports are available at the headquarters of the respective Immigration Departments in Nairobi, Kampala and Dar es Salaam. [41] Rwanda has a distinctive political culture with a political elite committed to building a developmental state. & Tech., Energy, Natural Resources, & Environment, New Partnership for Africa's Development E-School Program, Kenya Institute of Public Policy Research and Analysis, Intergovernmental Authority on Development, Economic Community of Central African States, Economic Community of West African States, "Development and Promotion of Extractive Industries and Mineral Value Addition", "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency", "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects", "A political union for east Africa? [26] The application was deferred by the EAC in December 2012,[27] however incidents with Ugandan boda-boda operators in South Sudan have created political tension and may delay the process. The Treaty entered into force on 7 July 2000 following the conclusion of the process of its ratification and deposit of the Instruments of Ratification with the … [77] The East African passport has been introduced as a travel document to ease border crossing for EAC residents. [76], The East African passport was launched on 1 April 1999. Institutional transformation at the regional and Partner State levels. [28], In December 2012, Tanzania agreed to South Sudan's bid to join the EAC, clearing the way for the world's newest state to become the regional bloc's sixth member. [69], A single East African Tourist Visa for the EAC countries of Kenya, Rwanda, and Uganda has been available since 2014.[70]. Dissolution of the first East African Community. However, at the moment, there is nothing tangible to boast about. East African Community If their objectives were to be implemented, it can be a game changer in the region. 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