The problem with the Victorian era is that there were very few families that had relatively nice homes, enough to eat on, and a decently successful career. Below is a table showing you some of the differences between rich and poor people: Being poor means having little money or few possessions. The Victorians, especially poor ones, were at high risk of catching some nasty diseases. This article complemented a five-part BBC Two series The Victorian Slum, showing modern families living in simulated slums, which aired in autumn 2016. Conditions inside the Victorian prisons were deliberately made as harsh as possible for the inmates. Various ideas have been put forward; larger families; more children surviving infancy; people living longer; immigration, especially large numbers of immigrants coming from Ireland fleeing the potato famine and the unemployment situation in their own country. Jerry White is professor in history at Birkbeck, University of London, specialising in working-class London life since 1700, and author of London in the Nineteenth Century (Jonathan Cape, 2007). This was a sharp contrast to the overcrowded and unhealthy conditions of the working and poor classes of this time. Primary Homework Help The divide between the classes in the 19th century was such that food, clothes and even sanitation varied drastically. which would make them the perfect housewives. Janet Sacks’ Victorian Country Life is a good reference for those who want to know more; other sources for this article are linked throughout the post. More money means more food and better living conditions. Poor Victorians would put children to work at an early a… You either had the money or you didn’t, which in reality probably drove the middle class to extinction for a time throughout the Victorian era. There was the rich lady, who led the nostalgically stylized view of Victorian life – all bustles, petticoats and jewels, and conversely there was the somewhat less rosy existence of the poor woman; a life of chimney sweeping, workhouses, and prostitution. By 1900 there was near-universal literacy, a colossal achievement considering how appalling the situation of poor children had been in the 1830s. This drove the prices down on the wages and most poor class families struggled to even put food on the table. How can we find out what life was like during the Victorian times? People in the Victorian era started to use electricity for the first time, and to listen to music by playing records on the gramophone. Middle and upper class Victorian Age families lived in large, comfortable houses. Life in Victorian Britain was vastly different for rich and poor people. The country was growing so rapidly that the number of jobs just could not justify it. However, many people considered the rich to be middle class if they did not have anything to do with royalty. Some families had as many as eight to twelve children or more. The Wealthy. The reason for this increase is not altogether clear. Also read about ragged schools.. Also read about ragged schools.. Child labor was a terrible problem and it was no longer just the father that would bring home enough money for food. Find out what Victorian home life was really like. Having a job is important so you can earn money. Industrialisation brought about rapid changes in everyday life that affected all classes and as a consequence Victorian society was full of extremes and startling contrasts. If the work was seasonal or demand slumped, when they were laid off they had no savings to live on until the next job opportunity could be found. For the poor Victorian Children life was much different. Therefore, the rich middle class was a very wealthy class. They had their own small vegetable garden and kept a pig to feed the family. The worst part for poor class families is that many needed their children to help work. The quality of life depended on whether you were rich or poor. For millions of Victorians, Victorian life had nothing to do with servants, etiquette or fashion. Use the activity to assess their level of knowledge and understanding from any recent study of Victorian Britain. A poor Victorian family would have lived in a very small house with only a couple of rooms on each floor. PART I: THE RICH. Check out the typical Victorian salaries. Skilled and unskilled workers alike were paid subsistence-level wages. Has women’s place in society changed from Elizabethan and Victorian Eras. Rich Victorians lived a very privileged life, while poorer Victorians had to work hard jobs for little money. The purpose of the prison system was to make time behind bars so utterly unpleasant that those who found themselves languishing behind the grim, grey walls of a penitentiary would, on their release, think twice before daring to re-offend. Victorian Era: The Poor Law Amendment of 1834 The Poor Law Amendment of 1834 was introduced to combat the widespread poverty on the streets of England and to provide relief to the poor. The Victorian age was the first in which childhood was recognised as a distinct and precious phase in life. Things were very different in case the of children born in poor families. The difference between private life and commerce was a fluid one distinguished by an informal demarcation of function. By the end of the century there were three … In the Victorian era, English family life increasingly became compartmentalised, the home a self-contained structure housing a nuclear family extended according to need and circumstance to include blood relations. Charles Dickens’ second book, Oliver Twist (1838) contained the classic Victorian themes of grinding poverty, menacing characters, injustice and punishment. Most of the common killers – measles, scarlet fever, smallpox and typhus – … Find out about the life of a young Victorian girl living in a wealthy household with a governess. Word of the lesson: Comparison The main task is to create a spider diagram with findings from the sources about rich Victorians and then to compare this to what they have learned in all of the previous lessons about the poor during the Industrial Revolution. usually well fed, clean and well clothed. Therefore, the middle class not only would lose their jobs and have to find another, but they had to compete with immigrants for work. [1] Unlike their lower class counterparts, upper class Victorian women more often than not had staff to help with the running of their home and the raising of their children, leaving them with plenty of time to enjoy the finer things in life. Living conditions in the Victorian era Their lives The rich and the poor The careless rich The most famous slums were in east which was often referred to as "darkest London" They suffered from epidemics including Cholera, Typhus, Influenza, fever and Malaria Houses had no How Did Poor People Live During the Victorian Era? Below is a table showing you some of the differences between rich and poor people: The Poor. Very poor people with no home or job lived in 'workhouses'. These houses had ample space for the family, which averaged between four to six children, and the servants. Gleanings of corn were collected after the harvest and used to make flour and bread and they would make their own cider, ale and wine from fruit such as elderberries. Explain that the aim of the first session of teaching is to find out what life was like for the Victorian poor. This quickly made them into the lower class citizens as there were very few jobs that they were capable of finding at this time. Why did many children from poor families have to work? Wealthy Victorians enjoyed a good and easy life. Even children worked hard on the farm from as young as six years old. This quickly made them into the lower class citizens as there were very few jobs that they were capable of finding at this time. The Victorian attitude toward the poor tended to be mixed. The working class was divided into three layers, the lowest being 'working men' or labourers, then the ‘intelligent artisan’, and above him the ‘educated working man’. While a rich family might live in a large Beautiful house with several bedrooms, a large living room, a parlor and a dining room separate from the kitchen, poor children might have as little as one room for the family to live in. If you were rich you could have a good and easy life. Liza Picard examines the social and economic lives of the Victorian working classes and the poor. Victorian houses of wealthy owners had features such as bay windows, stained glass in the windows and doorways, patterned brickwork and slate roofs. By Staff Writer Last Updated Mar 26, 2020 12:49:48 PM ET Poverty stricken families living during the Victorian Era likely lived in crowded, unkempt, slum houses, or were homeless, endured poor sanitary conditions and often were forced to subject their children to work in harsh conditions. Poor children often had to work instead of going to school. The middle class, on the other hand, had a very successful time in the Victorian era. Life of poor Victorian children Boys born in a wealthy family were often sent to boarding for education or were tutored at home by eminent tutors while girls were trained in household activities like sewing, knitting etc. In the 1850s one in nine girls over the age of 10 worked as domestic se rvants for wealthy homes. Learn all about the differences between the rich and poor during the reign of Queen Victoria with … You need money to buy things such as as food and clothes. On the other hand their family life was tighter knit and more loving. The Victorians liked to have their social classes clearly defined. Rich Victorians lived a comfortable life The poor or lower class of the Victorian era had a very rough life. To be quite honest, by today’s standard, this would not be middle class, it would simply be upper class. In this post we will look at what rural life was like on a country estate in Victorian England. Your quality of life during the Victorian times depended on whether you were rich or poor. The Industrial revolution had taken what many would consider to be medium class and left them without jobs. Most employment was to be found in the newly industrialized cities, so many people abandoned their rural roots and converged on the urbanized areas to seek work. Keep in mind that families were large in Victorian times, especially poor families. Poor Victorians had a rough and hard life, often ending up in the workhouse or early death. These were all live issues at the time Dickens was writing the novel, especially with the introduction of the1834 New Poor Law – an Act which, for many liberal Victorians, appeared to criminalise the poor. Wealthy Victorian Children Other times, children may be separated from parents and forced to work in harsh working conditions. The more people in a family who work, the better chance of having more money. Top 8 Victorian Era Poems That Must Be Read, Victorian era last name generator: Random last and first names. How was Victorian poor and middle class Life? BBC School Radio. The poor or lower class of the Victorian era had a very rough life. KS2 History - The Victorians. During the reign of Queen Victoria, life was very different depending on whether you were rich or poor. We know this: While London grew wealthy as Britain's imperial holdings expanded, London in the 19th century was also a city of incredible poverty. Learning Objectives: To investigate the differences between the lives of Rich and Poor Victorians. The Poor Law Commission of 1832 decided to amend the previous poor laws, for they were too liberal and did not implement discipline into the poor. Victorian England Rural Life. The very poorest families had to make do with even less - some houses were home to two, three or even four families. 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