The research paradigm is the one that addresses what should be the method to follow for the research and not the other way around. Box 2316 College Road East and Route 1 Each approach represents an interpretation of the qualitative paradigm in nursing research, grounded in the general perspective of phenomenological philosophy. From an ontological perspective, unlike the position of the positivist paradigm in which there is the belief that there is only one truth and that objective reality does exist independent of human perception, this study employs the constructivist … 2010;44:358–366. Quantitative and qualitative research use different research methodsto collect and analyze data, and they allow you to answer different kinds of research questions. Research questions most appropriate for qualitative methods begin with questions such as “how,” “what,” “who,” and “why.” These types of questions can be descriptive “what happened,” interpretative “what's the meaning,” or theoretical “why did this happen?” Data used to answer these questions are based upon interviews or extended periods of observation or document review [1–3].