Monotheism characterizes the traditions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, and elements of the belief are discernible in numerous other religions. Monotheism and polytheism are often thought of in rather simple terms—e.g., as merely a numerical contrast between the one and the many. One monotheistic religion that predated all these religions is Zoroastrianism. A Muslim is an adherent of Islam. Followers of Islam are called Muslims. By Laurence B. Compare Islam and Zoroastrianism. Followers of Islam aim to live a life of complete submission to Allah. Islam. The first 13 years of the Prophet of Islam in Makkah are significant when we talk about how important is the concept of monotheism in Islam. Brown What Is Islam? As Margaret Nydell states in Understanding Arabs, “The God Muslims worship is the same God Jews and Christians worship (Allah is simply the Arabic word for God; Arab Christians pray to Allah).” (p. 83) The word Islam is the infinitive of the Arabic verb aslama, and is translated, “to submit totally to God.”. Islam is partially based on the Judeo-Christian religions. The basis of faith in pure monotheism is expressed in the belief in the One and only God of transcendent perfection. Like Christianity and Judaism, the Muslim God is a kind and merciful one who … Islam is a monotheistic faith centered around belief in the one God (Allah). Those who follow a monotheistic religion believe in the existence of a single god. Islam is monotheistic Abrahamic religion that originated in Saudi Arabia in the 7th century CE. In Islam, Allah created the Earth and all life on it. This includes many of the well-known faiths including Christianity, Judaism, and Islam. It has a monotheistic (belief in one God) message, and follows some of the same principles as Christianity and Judaism. The final monotheistic religion we'll discuss in this lesson is Islam, which is the second largest religion in the world. Aside from the inherent knowledge of God we are all born with, we can only know about God and our relationship to Him through the message He sent to His final Messenger Muhammad whose character and numerous miracles attest to the truth of his message. In contrast, some believe in multiple gods and these are known as polytheistic religions. There are over 1.8 billion Muslims — a quarter of the world's population, making Islam the second-largest religion in the world. Muslims are monotheistic and worship one, all-knowing God, who in Arabic is known as Allah. As a monotheistic faith that originated in the Middle East, Islam holds many beliefs and practices in common with Judaism and Christianity. Who Is a Muslim? 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